Carpet fibers have a number of properties that distinguish them from each other and make each one special, such as creating a warm atmosphere, cleanability, non-flammability, or price. Depending on the fiber you choose and how much this fiber has been used in the carpet, your carpet will both perform and maintain its appearance longer. So, do you know which carpet fiber is the best?
If you ask which carpet fiber is best, this is a subject that changes according to the situation. Wool is the most qualified fiber known in carpet production and sets a standard for comparing carpet fibers. Wool can be easily cleaned as it is resistant to staining. Wool, which is a fiber that is highly resistant to fire, does not generate static energy as well. On the other hand, among synthetic fibers, the most preferred one is generally polyamide (nylon) fiber. The 80/20 mixture of wool fiber, which is mainly used in woven carpets, containing 80% wool and 29% nylon, is the most preferred combination due to the durability of nylon and the quality of wool. However, every carpet fiber has its pros and cons. I will discuss these later in the article.
Perhaps the most important factor in carpet selection is economic opportunities. The important thing is how long we want to use the carpet and the performance criteria we expect from the carpet during this period. When you buy a quality carpet, you can get it for many years, no matter how high the price you pay. For this reason, buying the best carpet you can buy, especially for regions exposed to heavy traffic, will enable you to make a profit in the long run.
The “pile weight”, which is one of the most important factors determining the price of the carpet, is measured by the weight of the yarn per m2. The density of the yarn directly affects the durability and performance of the carpet. Carpet with higher pile weight is more durable and more expensive. Production and design features are other factors that affect the price of the carpet. The quality of the yarn used is the most important factor determining the price of the carpet. Yarn is the basic material of the carpet.
Best Carpet Fiber Types
Carpet fibers have a number of features that distinguish them from each other and make each one special, such as creating a warm atmosphere, cleanability, non-flammability, or price. Depending on the fiber you choose and how much this fiber has been used in the carpet, your carpet will both perform and maintain its appearance longer.
There are a number of factors you should be aware of when choosing which fiber is right for you. For example, each fiber has different degrees of properties. Sometimes you can make a good and sometimes bad choice. What is meant by degree is the density and the twist measure of the fiber. Generally, if the fiber is dense, this means there are many more loops per inch, and if the twist size is tighter your carpet will be of higher quality and longer life.
The fibers are sometimes mixed together to give the best performance at the best price.
Fibers are divided into two groups:
- Natural Fibers
- Man-made Fibers
- Coconut Fiber
- Polyamide (Nylon)
Fiber is the basic component of carpet. The four basic fibers used in carpets today have their own strong properties and quality carpets can be produced with all of the wool, nylon, polypropylene, and polyester fibers. How the fiber is processed and manufactured is a more decisive factor in the potential performance of a carpet. The final carpet purchase decision you make depends on which features are most important to you and the carpet company’s product quality.
At this point, I can outline the basic properties of carpet fibers and give you some information that can help you decide which feature you need. Although some carpets are made of blends, most carpets are made entirely with one of four fiber types: Wool, Nylon, Polypropylene, and Polyester. Acrylic and PET Fibers are also used, albeit a little.
- Wool Carpet
It is a superior natural fiber and has been used in the manufacture of carpets and rugs from all other fibers for a long time. In fact, the history of weaving wool carpets dates back to 3000 BC, and wool carpets and rugs have been reputed as symbols of beauty and prestige ever since. When it comes to luxury and performance, no other fiber can compete with wool. Wool fibers are easily dyed or rich in a choice of natural colors. The carpet washing process is easily applied for wool carpets and they are extremely long-lasting. Wool fiber is generally used in cut pile and woven carpets.
Wool carpets are less resistant to moisture than synthetic fiber carpets. Wool also does not have the stain and abrasion resistance of some man-made fibers, but still has a permanent quality. Many wool carpets and rugs are said to “age gracefully”. Wool carpets maintain their pile height, the ultra-soft feeling they give when touched or pressed is unique. Wool is one of the most expensive natural fibers and they are much more expensive than synthetic fiber carpets. It also constitutes a very small part of all woven carpets sold in carpet stores.
- Nylon Carpet
Polyamide, also known as nylon, is a completely man-made fiber type. It was first produced in 1938 and is frequently used in flooring materials. It is used in blends. 20% wool and 80% nylon is considered as the best blend. The advantage of polyamide compared to wool is that it can be dyed. Polyamide carpets offer much more vibrant colors compared to wool carpets, as well as reducing production costs thanks to their dyeability. However, the dyeing property of polyamide, which seems to be an advantage, reduces its resistance to staining. When choosing a polyamide carpet, you should be careful to choose one that has been treated against staining.
Nylon carpet fiber is more expensive than other synthetic carpet fibers and has been the most widely used carpet fiber since the early 1960s. In terms of general performance properties, nylon fibers are the most versatile of all fibers and provide excellent flexibility, allowing a wide variety of carpet styles to be created. Extremely durable, stain and mold-resistant, and static-free nylon is a very good choice for carpets of all densities and applications.
Made of nylon fiber, the carpet is durable and flexible. Many new nylon threads are also extraordinarily soft. Although not inherently stain-resistant, most nylon carpets undergo special treatments to protect against debris and stains in homes. Withstands the weight of heavy furniture and people while maintaining fiber height. Nylon carpets are dyed during the production of the fiber, so no color bleeding occurs after it is produced. Nylon fiber is the material of the vast majority of all residential carpets.
- Polyester Carpet
Although polyester fiber is inherently not as flexible as nylon, carpets made from polyester fibers will perform well if made well. Polyester carpet provides exceptional softness and color clarity. Polyester fibers are easy to clean and are naturally stain and fade resistant. Their resistance to crushing and their wide variety of dynamic colors provide many advantages to carpets made of polyester fiber.
Polyester fiber, cheaper than nylon or wool, creates a very attractive carpet. Polyester carpets are generally cheaper than nylon in terms of weight. Polyester, which is generally used in soft looped or barber looped carpets, is a fiber that is also used to make luxury products.
Polyester is composed of ethylene gases. Polyester is produced in the same way as nylon but is below Nylon in the abrasion resistance ranking. Polyester is a fiber that is not very flexible. It has excellent resistance to sunlight and also its hardness does not deteriorate when wet. The rate of moisture absorption of polyester is much lower than other fiber types. Polyester, like polypropylene, is a very difficult fiber to be dyed and, unlike nylon, it absorbs oil immediately, just like polypropylene. Polyester has also very good heat resistance.
- Polypropylene (Olefin) Carpet
The use of polypropylene carpet fibers has increased greatly since 1980. Unlike other fiber types, polyproline does not absorb water and therefore needs to be solution dyed (pigmented) to give color. Solution dyeing is a pigmentation process in which the color is actually introduced into the fiber while the fiber is being formed, and thus it cannot be removed from the fiber. The color will not fade even when exposed to intense sunlight, bleaching agents, atmospheric pollutants, or other harsh chemicals or elements.
Olefin carpets are resistant to moisture and mold and are easy to clean and maintain. However, because it is not as flexible as other fibers, polypropylene is often used in loop pile structures where superior resilience is less required. The polypropylene fiber, which controls the commercial market by a large share, is the cheapest of man-made fibers. Since it is very strong, it is both indoor and outdoor fiber and is widely used as artificial grass.
Polypropylene, which is much cheaper than the other three fibers, has much more matt colors compared to other carpets due to its resistance to staining. In addition, it is less than the others in terms of preserving its original appearance. An advantage of polypropylene is that it is naturally anti-static. This fiber, which has low heat resistance, can deform at low temperatures. It shrinks at high temperatures. Polypropylene, which is not affected by water, is mild against alkalis and acids, whiteners, and thinners. However, the quality of the fiber may deteriorate in case of prolonged exposure to chemicals. Polypropylene is resistant to many fluxes. It is not resistant to sunlight.
- Acrylic Carpet
Acrylic is the most similar fiber among synthetic fibers, which stands closest to wool fiber. Due to its wool-like qualities, velvet and plush level are widely used in looped carpets. Acrylic fibers can give the look and feel of wool at a much lower cost. Acrylic fiber carpets are more advantageous than wool with their resistance to moisture and mold.
Acrylic fiber carpet resists crushing and stains and does not fade from sunlight. Acrylic fibers are not suitable for high-traffic areas such as halls, living rooms, and stairs, as they are prone to high wear. For this reason, they make a very good carpet material in the living room and guest rooms.
Acrylic, a synthetic product to replace wool, is of medium hardness. Abrasion and sunlight resistance is very good, but acrylic has little flexibility. It has a water-loving structure compared to polypropylene and polyester. It is resistant to cold alkaline solutions as well as to heat and mineral acids. While hot alkaline solutions fade the fiber’s color, bleaches and thinners have little effect. It is a type of fiber that can give the look and feel of wool with its acrylic structure. The only weak point of acrylic is that it cannot last much in areas with heavy traffic, so it cannot be used in all areas.
- Fiber Blends
The four fiber types mentioned above are often combined in many varieties with the best properties of each fiber type to produce exceptional products. If you want the luxurious look and comfort of wool and the durability of nylon, consider a Wool / Nylon blend.
Many carpet styles use a fiber blend such as nylon and polypropylene. The blending of fiber types to form the carpet yarn is accomplished to combine the positive properties of each fiber, such as the flexibility of nylon and the colorfastness resistance of polypropylene. Other common blends include Acrylic / Olefin and Nylon / Olefin. Although they are cheaper, they often tend to smudge.
Best Natural Carpet Fiber Options
- Wool Carpets
Wool is as old as the history of carpet and it is the most natural fiber type. During its use; It should not be left wet and moist, and vacuumed as often as possible. Although it is more expensive than other fiber types, it is the raw material of the carpets that have the least allergies and last the longest. Due to its high price and its resistance to crushing, it would be appropriate to choose it in homes rather than workplaces.
It is a superior natural fiber and has been used in the manufacture of carpets and rugs from all other fibers for a long time. In fact, the history of weaving wool carpets dates back to 3000 BC. Wool carpets and rugs have been regarded as symbols of beauty and prestige ever since.
When it comes to luxury and performance, no other fiber can compete with wool. Wool fibers are easily dyed or rich in natural colors. Carpet washing process is easily applied for wool carpets and they are extremely long-lasting. Wool fiber is generally used in cut pile and woven carpets. Wool carpets are less resistant to moisture than synthetic fiber carpets. Wool also does not have the stain and abrasion resistance of some artificial fibers; but still has a permanent quality.
Wool rugs maintain their pile height; The ultra-soft feeling it gives when touched or pressed is unique. They are one of the most expensive natural fibers and are much more expensive than synthetic fiber carpets. It also constitutes a very small part of all woven carpets sold in carpet stores.
- Seagrass Carpet Coating
Where modern life meets natural and rural textures, the influence of nature becomes more evident. The lines are softened, the rules are relaxed, and the rigid structures transform into a new space of modern – urban + rural combination. With the seagrass collection that provides this effect, a comfortable and peaceful aesthetic can be achieved with a striped appearance.
Seagrass carpet designs are ideal for modern or classic office environments, as well as airport halls, convention centers, restaurants or hotels. Seagrass carpet collections also give good results in simple environments such as residences and elderly nursing homes due to their natural appearance and warm feeling.
Seagrass rugs offer endless possibilities for creating a colorful design and matching collections. You can create stimulating and lively environments with zigzag motifs and herringbone designs that you will create with these carpets. Seagrass rugs show little repetition in their patterns, creating interesting and beautiful floors even when just one color is used.
- Coir Carpets
Coir is made from the fibrous layer that covers the coconut fruit. Coconut is generally grown in southeast Asia, especially in Sri Lanka, India and Pakistan. For its production, coconut shells are kept in rivers for 6–12 months. During this time, the muds in the shells are gone; The adhesive substance that binds the woody cells to the fibers breaks down and the fibers become separated from each other.
These shells are dried and pounded with wood mallets. After cleaning, coarse, long, fine and short fibers are classified and separated. Stiff but highly flexible fibers are obtained in colors ranging from light to dark brown. Coir is turned into yarn and used in carpet production, bright colored coco mats, sacks and ship rope. Hard ones are produced as mats and brushes. It is water resistant.
- Jute Carpets
Jute is produced from a plant that grows in the subtropical part of the Asian subcontinent. The plant is dipped in water and then the stems are stripped to make individual fibers. It is mostly used in the rope making and as a carpet support material.
Jute is one of the softest and cheapest natural fiber carpet flooring options available. Unfortunately, its soft surface means it’s not very durable and can easily be damaged by wear and tear. It is most suitable when used in low traffic environments such as bedrooms.
- Sisal Carpets
Sisal is a soft yet durable carpet of natural fiber that is relatively easy to paint and becomes a versatile flooring design material. This means it can withstand high traffic areas without being rough or intrusive.
Available in a wide variety of colors and designs, Sisal can be used in almost every room of the house. However, precautions should be taken in moist liquid environments. The fact that Sisal can be dyed so easily also means it can stain and will require treatment to make it resistant to dirt and spills. Sisal is also relatively expensive and will usually cost more code, although less than wool.
The Best Carpet Fiber: Wool
When you say carpet, wool comes to mind. Wool carpet provides a completely healthy and comfortable living environment. Wool is the most expensive of the carpet fibers and therefore it is used only in luxury carpets and piece carpets. Wool fiber has gained popularity because it is used in dense carpets and creates a soft feeling. When buying a wool fiber rug, make sure the carpet is dense.
Wool, the most qualified fiber known in carpet production, sets a standard in comparing carpet fibers. Wool, which has very good abrasion resistance, is therefore durable and also flexible. Wool, which is a fiber that is highly resistant to fire, does not generate static energy. Wool fiber’s performance in stain protection is as high as polyamide fiber. However, the cost of wool fiber is quite high compared to other fiber types due to its softness and comfort feeling and its high performance in durability.
When wool and polyamide (nylon) are used together, a much more beautiful appearance is obtained, as well as the comfort of wool and the longevity of polyamide (nylon), and alternative products can be developed according to these mixing ratios. Acrylic and Polypropylene or nylon and polypropylene are also quite common combinations. However, the common feature of these compositions is that they are not resistant to staining. The proportions of these mixtures and the properties of the fibers used in the mixture are the most important factors in determining the properties of new products.
Wool carpet does not get dusty quickly. It can be easily cleaned with natural or white soap. The wool carpet is sound-absorbing. Choosing the quality is as important as choosing the color. All carpets look beautiful and new when first laid, and after a few years, the difference to the woven wool carpet becomes apparent. The pile weight is measured by the weight of fiber per m². Fiber density affects the permanence of the carpet. Carpets with high density are more resistant to wear and flattening. Wool is the most expensive among other fibers and is therefore used only in luxury carpets and rugs.
The Reasons to Choose Wool Carpets
All carpets look beautiful and new when first installed, but after a few years, the difference between woven wool carpets and other synthetic carpets becomes apparent. The most important indicator of an ideal carpet; Even in the following years, it can preserve its original appearance and features of the first day. Despite the diversity in synthetic fibers, which are high-tech and are being developed today, wool fiber is still unique. Due to its numerous advantages, WOOL CARPET is the indispensable choice of those looking for real quality.
Where there is wool carpet; If the humidity in the environment is high, it absorbs the excess moisture. If the humidity is low, it releases the moisture it absorbs and traps back into the environment. Thus, it provides a balanced and healthy environment in terms of both heat and humidity. Wool carpet is very difficult to ignite. It is the only fiber capable of self-extinguishing when the flame source disappears. Burning cigarette butts, matches, etc. materials fade in wool rugs and usually leave no traces. Carpets made of other fiber types are pitted and punctured in such burns. This is vague in the wool carpet. With this feature, wool carpets exceedingly fulfill the non-flammability criteria sought for most places.
Wool is antistatic due to its natural structure. It helps to eliminate the problems such as stress, headache, etc. caused by static electricity in some people. It provides protection of some sensitive electronic products sensitive to static electricity. It causes the contaminants such as dust, pollen, hair, etc. to be released on the carpet surface. It prevents them from sticking to carpet yarns by being attracted like a magnet. Thus, by ensuring that such pollutants can be easily absorbed with vacuum brooms, it delays the dirt of the carpet considerably.
Due to its special structure, it is a very good insulating material in terms of sound and heat. As well as providing a quiet and calm environment, it can keep the temperature at a certain level in summer and winter (in all seasons) due to its own characteristics. The color retention property of wool fiber is excellent. When it is painted, it becomes a product with very vivid colors. This vitality lasts for many years and provides an aesthetic appearance to the carpet.
Wool has the ability to stretch and stand upright. This feature extends the life and durability of the carpet as well as provides comfort. It is resistant to dust, dirt, and stains. When cleaned and maintained with appropriate methods, it preserves its first-day appearance for years. It still leaves the impression that it is new, even after years.
How to Understand Quality Carpet
Wherever you go while shopping or whatever product you try to buy, sellers will tell you that the product is of good quality. This is also the case when buying a carpet. So what makes the carpet quality? How can you tell if a carpet is of good quality? There are certain criteria that make carpets quality. When you find a carpet that includes all of these criteria, you can conclude that it is of good quality. We can say that carpets with the criteria we will specify in a moment are the best option in terms of performance, durability, and lifetime. So what are these criteria?
- Surface Weight
The surface weights of carpets are one of the first things most people look at when choosing a carpet. It may be sensible to choose a carpet from this feature most of the time, though not always. The surface weight of the carpet can enable us to understand that the material used is robust, therefore the carpet is long-lasting.
- Carpet Density
What is meant by the density of the carpet is how often the loops are knitted. We can say that the higher the stitch density, the better the carpet. Although these density rates vary according to the material of the carpet, you should prefer more tightly woven carpet models.
- Yarn Type
You can say that whatever yarn or material used is the biggest factor in the quality of the carpet. Different threads have different characteristic properties. Generally used yarn types in synthetic carpets; nylon, polyester, olefin, and Triexta. In the carpets that we call natural, handmade; silk, wool, and sisal threads are used. These materials generally determine the characteristics and quality of the carpet.
- Warranty Certificate
One of the factors you should pay attention to when buying a carpet or trying to understand its quality is the warranty certificate. Or you should learn the return conditions. Remember that nobody guarantees a poor quality product. This is a simple method, but it is always effective.
- Style of the Carpet
The style of the carpet can affect its performance. So when you buy a kitchen rug, it may not be healthy to think for the living room. Because carpets are generally designed for certain areas. Since many people will pass over the runners, it was designed in that style, and therefore it was named runner. The attention you will show while choosing here can help you get the maximum efficiency from your situation.
Best Wool Carpets That You Can Buy Online
- Noahas Faux Sheepskin Area Rugs Silky Long Wool Carpet for Living Room Bedroom, Children Play Dormitory Home Decor Rug, 2ft x 6ft White
- YoKii Blue Blush Marble Small Area Rug Modern Contemporary Abstract Throw Rugs 3×5 Faux Wool Shag Rug for Living Room Bedroom Dorm Entryway Floor Carpet Kitchen Mat Non Slip Washable (3×5, Pink)
- LEEVAN Faux Wool Area Rug 4′ x 6′ Traditional Rectangle Throw Runner Rug Non-Slip Backing Soft Wool Floor Carpet for Sofa Living Room Bedroom Modern Accent Home Decor