Carpets, whose history is as old as humanity, are called a knitted and woven mat, mostly made of wool, sometimes silk, with or without embroidery, to be laid on the floor or on furniture and stretched on the wall. Carpets can get wet for various reasons. This could be due to liquid spillage or cleaning. In any case, the wet carpet must be dried. Wet carpets that are not dried well will start to produce bacteria and germs faster this time when they encounter dirt again.
Local wetness on the carpet can be dried with a hairdryer. How long the carpet will dry depends on factors such as the material, type of carpet, and the relative humidity in your home. A period of time that can vary from 3 hours to 3 days will allow a completely wetted carpet to dry completely. Wet carpets must be dried quickly in a dry environment and should not be allowed to become damper. If the carpets that are not fully dried are used again, the moisture and musty smell will spread to the house.
How to Dry Wet Carpets
Cleaning of carpets, which is one of the most important items of homes, can be done by a carpet washing machine or by hand. Drying the washed carpets is as important as washing them. Carpet cleaning companies also apply different methods to dry carpets. A very important detail in drying the washed carpets is that there is no water left in the carpet. If water is left in the carpet, dampness and moisture may cause a bad odor. In order to avoid any water in the carpet, the carpet must be hung and dried.
Washed carpets can cause bad odors in the house if they are not dried sufficiently. In addition, carpets that are not dried well get dirty more quickly than well-dried carpets. Drying a carpet is as laborious as washing a carpet. There are some important details for the extremely laborious carpet drying process. When carpets are washed in carpet washing companies, carpet cleaning companies apply different methods according to the size of the carpet. After the carpet washing process is done, the carpets are almost half-dried.
Carpet cleaning companies have special rooms to dry the washed carpets. In these rooms, the carpets that are under sufficient temperature and opened properly are dried for 8-12 hours. The carpet dried with the sunlight dries in a healthier way. In order for the carpet to turn yellow, it is necessary to turn the carpet as soon as it dries in the sun. In this way, deformity in the carpet is prevented. When the carpet drying process is completed, it should be vacuumed with a vacuum cleaner. If it is thought that there is water between the carpet, the drying process can be done carefully with a hairdryer.
Drying Wet Carpets Correctly
Drying our carpets correctly after washing is an extremely important process. Although a large part of the work here falls on the carpet washing company, the part for you is that you make more careful choices in these carpet cleaning companies. Carpets can dry in the open air or in special carpet drying rooms. Below I will talk about how to dry the washed carpets and where to pay attention.
Carpet washing and squeezing are among the most important factors. If the washed carpet is not removed from water sufficiently, the drying process takes longer. In carpets whose drying process takes a long time, undesirable phenomena such as odor and worse, decay from the inside usually occur. Thanks to the special carpet squeezing machines, the water of the carpet are squeezed to the last drop and it is only kept moist.
Moisture remaining on the carpet is completed in a period of 8 hours in special drying rooms, while it is completed in a period of 1 day (varies) outdoors. Depending on the weather conditions, it is better to dry the carpets outdoors. However, when the weather conditions are unfavorable, our special carpet drying rooms come into play and the carpets expected at constant temperature complete the drying process successfully.
Perhaps the most important step of the carpet drying process is how to hang the carpet to be dried on a metal profile. Since some impervious carpet washing companies dry the carpets on rusted profiles, rust stains occur on the surface of the carpet and damage the carpet a lot. You can clearly see an irresponsible process by clicking here, the iron profiles are rusted and damaging the carpets, but the carpet washing company owner doesn’t care.
Professional carpet cleaning companies act meticulously from the first to the last stage in the washing process of the carpets and complete their drying processes in a healthy way without damaging the carpet, thanks to the stainless steel profiles. Adequate carpet drying areas are important for the drying process of carpets. If too much carpet is fit in a small area, the carpets may overlap and will not dry out as many parts of the carpet are left underneath. This causes the carpet to be half dry and half wet and an undesirable cleaning process is deemed to have occurred.
Professional carpet washing companies never have such a problem, since there is sufficient space in private drying rooms and the hangers in open areas are sufficient.
How Should Professional Carpet Drying Operations Be Done?
Carpets are textiles that have an important place in some cultures. We frequently come into contact with these products that contribute to decoration and warming in homes. Moreover, even if we do not sit on the carpets or do not touch them in some way, we should not forget that we breathe in their environment. Because breathing in environments with dirty carpets that are not cleaned for a long time also means facing serious health problems.
For this reason, it is of great importance to regularly clean the carpet. However, the cleaning of carpets is a situation that requires much more care than expected. For this reason, according to the region you are in, you should definitely work with a professional carpet washing company. Washing carpets with the facilities at home is an inadequate option in terms of providing hygiene. Because it is possible to remove dust, dirt, and bacteria from the pile of carpets and to provide 100% hygiene in carpets only with professional carpet washing equipment.
In addition, hand-woven carpets, shaggy carpets, and carpets such as Chinese carpets are products that require special treatment. Incorrect washing and drying processes applied to these carpet types cause them to lose their color and their properties. So, what are the washing processes applied during carpet washing service? In which environments and how are carpets washed with professional equipment dried?
Carpet washing can be carried out with different methods today. Among these methods; There are carpet washing operations carried out by people with their own means, on-site carpet washing, and carpet washing with automatic carpet washing machines. Among these, the most correct method is the operations performed in automatic carpet washing machines. Because during this method, carpets are separated according to their type and washed by applying appropriate pressure according to the sensitivity.
However, the pressure to be applied during on-site carpet washing service is not under the initiative of the personnel. Therefore, regardless of the type of carpet, it is washed by applying the same pressure. This can cause the carpets to deform. During the carpet washing service, the carpets separated according to their type are removed and kept in soaking pools. Then it is brushed again considering its type and taken into automatic carpet washing machines. Here, it is washed using suitable shampoos and taken to drying rooms to dry by wringing according to the type.
The carpet drying stage is as important as washing the carpets. Because carpets dried with the wrong methods may cause odor, discoloration, or deformation. For this reason, especially if you prefer to wash your carpets at home, you should avoid direct sun exposure. Because it is inevitable that the colors of wet carpets that come into direct contact with the sun’s rays will fade. Especially if your carpet is hand-woven, you should be careful about this issue.
In addition, drying of carpets is much more difficult, especially in winter. During this period, the drying time of the carpets can be prolonged significantly due to low air temperature and rainfall. During the carpet washing service, the carpets, which are washed by professional teams with professional equipment, are taken to the drying rooms and dried in a healthy way. So, what is the importance of carpet drying rooms?
Carpets that are washed in automatic carpet washing machines in accordance with their size and type become almost half dry at the end of the washing process. In this way, it is much easier for them to dry regardless of the season. Again, professional carpet washing companies have their own drying rooms. These rooms have sufficient temperature for the carpets to dry properly.
Thanks to the system in carpet drying rooms, hot air circulates in the room and contacts the deepest points of the carpets. Thanks to this carpet drying method, carpets dry within 8 to 12 hours. However, during this time, the carpets are opened properly. Because carpets that are tried to be dried before they are fully opened or in roll form will most likely smell due to moisture. In a professional carpet cleaning service, the carpets are opened to dry completely and never packed until they are dry.
How Many Days It Takes for a Wet Carpet to Dry?
Washed carpets cause bad odors in the house when they are not dried sufficiently. In addition, carpets that are not dried well get dirty more quickly than well-dried carpets. Drying a carpet is as laborious as washing a carpet. When carpets are washed in carpet washing companies, different methods are applied according to the size of the carpet. After the carpet washing process, the carpets are almost half-dried. These companies have special rooms for drying washed carpets. In these rooms, the carpets that are under sufficient heat and opened properly, dry between 8-12 hours.
Carpet washing and squeezing are among the most important factors. If the washed carpets are not dehydrated, the drying process will take longer. The drying process takes a long time, often problems such as odor or decay inside the carpet occur. While the moisture remaining on the carpet is completed in 8 hours in special drying rooms, it is completed in a period of 1 day in the open air. Care is taken to dry the carpets in the open air depending on the weather conditions.
Carpets washed in carpet washing companies undergo different processes and methods according to the size of the carpet. After the carpet washing process, the carpets are dried in half. Almost all carpet companies have their own carpet drying rooms. After the carpets are washed, they are hung in the drying rooms. There is enough heat in the room to dry the carpets. Carpets get rid of their deepest points with machines that give hot air through a system.
For proper drying, the carpets should be opened properly and dried between 8 and 12 hours. If you are washing your carpet at home, it is necessary to hang it to dry. However, it will take a long time to dry in the winter environment. If you have to wash carpets by hand in winter, you should dry your carpet thoroughly, wash it during sunny weather and make sure that it is drained thoroughly. The carpet should be kept as dry as possible.
In this respect, drying in roll or folding may be inconvenient. Possibly due to moisture, an odor may occur. Finally, it may be helpful to vacuum the dried carpet again to make sure your carpet is dry.
Getting Rid of the Smell of Wet Carpets
The use of carpets in interior spaces has now become a frequently preferred decoration item outside of homes, in workplaces, and offices. Likewise, in some outdoor areas, carpets are used that provide unity in accordance with the decoration concept. Although the carpet offers a visually beautiful appearance, its cleaning can become a big problem. Especially in the carpets used in office-type spaces, symptoms such as dirt and color change can occur very quickly.
The bad odor that occurs in carpets due to wetting can reach uncomfortable dimensions in indoor spaces. One of the situations that cause the carpet to smell is washing the carpet and then placing it on the floor before it dries completely. At the same time, when liquids such as coffee, water, tea are poured on the carpet and these are not cleaned, the formation of bad odors becomes inevitable. There are some methods used to remove bad odors from the carpet.
Bad odors may occur on carpets due to accidentally spilled water when cleaning at home, water spilled by young children while misbehaving, or problems not fully drying after washing. The smell of the carpet, which affects the entire space, is forcing people. One of the most natural and simple methods is to sunbathe smelling carpets, if possible and there is a suitable space. However, while sunbathing, you should be careful to cover the back of the carpet and prevent the color from fading.
After throwing some baking soda on your bad-smelling carpets, vacuum them with a vacuum cleaner after a waiting period of at least half an hour. You will find that this simple method applied with baking soda is effective. It is not possible to sunbathe carpets that create bad odors all the time. For example, it is almost impossible to carry wall-to-wall carpets. Therefore, you can apply the drying method by opening all the door windows in the house.
Of course, weather conditions are an important factor in this method. It would be better to choose sunny weather for the ventilation method. With the help of wet-dry vacuum machines, you can vacuum the wet part of your carpet and dry it faster and prevent odor. Prepare the mixture consisting of two glasses of water, one glass of white vinegar, and two glasses of baking soda and apply it to the area that creates odor. However, it is beneficial not to apply too much, we should not wet the carpet excessively again and cause it to smell.
If you do not have time to waste cleaning your dirty and smelling carpets, you can choose carpet cleaning companies as a practical method. You can easily get rid of both bad odors and dirt by sending your carpets to the cleaning company at least once a year.
A Scientific Approach on Evaporation Process: How a Wet Carpet Dries
Why do you think that a wet carpet dries over time? The drying of a wet carpet occurs due to the evaporation of water molecules within the carpet. So, if the evaporation rate is high, the carpet dries faster, and vice versa. With that in mind, certain factors affect the evaporation rate. The most important ones are ambient temperature and relative humidity. I will mention those in the following paragraphs.
Evaporation is the name given to the transition from liquid to the gaseous state by overcoming the attraction force between particles and particles with high kinetic energy from liquid molecules on the surface at any temperature. Evaporation, which constitutes an important element of the hydrological cycle of water in nature, is defined as the return of water in liquid and solid-state in different forms and conditions to the atmosphere with the effect of meteorological factors. The evaporation rate increases as the temperature increases. The evaporation rate is highest at the boiling point.
Evaporation is the name given to change from the liquid state to the solid-state. Liquid particles, which are close to each other, begin to increase their mobility as they receive heat. In this context, the distances between the liquid particles increase over time and the transition from liquid to gaseous occurs. The fastest phase of the evaporation phase is boiling. While evaporation continues in line with the temperature increase, boiling occurs above a certain temperature.
Evaporation can occur at any temperature. Some factors affect the rate of evaporation. Liquid molecules are in motion and at the same time attract each other by the force of cohesion. When the liquid receives heat from outside, the speed of its molecules increases. When the energy of motion of the molecules on the liquid surface reaches a level that can overcome the cohesive force, vaporization begins. The average energy of the liquid remaining in the container during evaporation, and hence its temperature, decreases.
Therefore, the liquid cools its environment during evaporation. An example of this is the cooling effect of cologne. A similar example is when watermelon is exposed to sunlight for a while after being cut. The working principle of refrigerators is also based on evaporation and its cooling effect. A person who sweats feels cold after a while is the result of evaporation in their body. Boiling occurs at every point in the liquid when the liquid reaches its boiling temperature, but evaporation occurs at any temperature and only on the liquid surface. The boiling point is not dependent on the evaporation surface and evaporates much faster than it does.
The evaporation of water is a phenomenon that occurs according to some principles found in nature. In fact, if we go down to the molecular dimension of the matter, just like the adaptation of living things, the evaporation of water is a reaction to changing environmental conditions. As the energy of water molecules increases at high temperatures, the bonds between them move weakly and this process continues throughout the evaporation of the water. So; gaseous intermolecular bonds are weakest due to high energy; these bonds will become stronger towards the liquid and solid states.
This energy increase, process change, etc. situations are used in many places, whether in daily life, industrial engineering, etc. If a slightly unscientific example from daily life is given; Soaking an uncut watermelon and putting it in the sun for a while is a method that allows the watermelon to cool by completely evaporating the water. The water, which is in liquid form on the surface of the watermelon, draws heat from the watermelon as it evaporates due to the sun, thus reducing the temperature of the watermelon. This is just one of the dozens of events that humanity has discovered for centuries by trial and error.
To give an example in more modern areas, many engineering designs such as turbines, compressors, nozzles, etc., benefit from the evaporation of water and the energy exchange that occurs during this time. For example, water vapor introduced into a steam turbine; Here it converts the heat energy to kinetic energy and thus energy that can be used is obtained by the evaporation of water from the turbine. Likewise, in compressors, water in the liquid or gaseous state is compressed to very high pressures, and evaporation of water is utilized according to the purpose of the design. Especially engineers or those knowledgeable in thermodynamics will know in much more detail. The main event in using the evaporation of water is the conversion of heat energy into another kind of energy.
Factors Affecting Drying Speed
There are certain factors that affect the evaporation rate of water, and thus the drying speed of a wet carpet. Evaporation on the water surface and wet surfaces is a continuous movement. The amount of water vapor leaving the water surface varies according to the properties of the air on the unit area (meteorological conditions), the properties of the water, and the environment. This change in water occurs with an energy effect. In order for 1 gram of water to turn into steam, 539 – 597 calories of heat is needed.
Evaporation occurs through diffusion, convection, or wind action. Diffusion continues until the vapor pressure of the air falls below the saturated vapor pressure parallel to the water temperature. When water is warmer than air, convection (vertical movement) movement begins. In the light of this evaluation, we can list the factors affecting evaporation as follows.
- Solar radiation
The primary source of heat is radiation from the sun. Reduced or increased temperature changes are an important factor in the amount of evaporation. The amount of energy from the sun varies depending on the season, the time of day, and whether the weather is cloudy or clear. Radiation energy also varies with latitude, altitude, and direction. Approximately 25% of incoming solar radiation leaves the surface due to evaporation.
- Air Steam Pressure
Evaporation is proportional to the difference between the vapor pressure at the water surface and the vapor pressure above the water. As long as the vapor pressure (ew) in water is greater than the vapor pressure (ea) in the air, evaporation continues, and when ew = ea, evaporation stops. Accordingly, as the air vapor pressure increases, the amount of evaporation decreases.
Since saturated vapor pressure depends on the temperature, the evaporation rate is greatly affected by air and water temperatures. The daily and annual changes of evaporation are very similar to the daily and annual changes in temperature. During the day, evaporation reaches its minimum value in the morning hours and its maximum value between 12.00-15.00 in the afternoon. Again, with regard to temperature, evaporation is less in the cold season and more in the hot season.
In order for evaporation to continue, water vapor must escape from the water surface by diffusion and convection. This situation is possible with the movement of air (wind). The higher the wind speed, the greater the evaporation.
As the air pressure increases, the number of molecules per unit volume increases, and evaporation decreases as the probability of the molecules splashing from the water into the air to hit the air molecules and return to the water again increases. However, this effect is insignificant among others. Since the pressure decreases with height, evaporation increases at high places.
Extra: Evaporation and Steam Engines
Evaporation is the transition of molecules on the surface of a liquid to a vapor state. Only molecules whose energies are above average can achieve this by overcoming the cohesive forces that hold the liquid together. Eventually, the molecular in the liquid remains below average in energy, and the temperature drops. The vapor pressure above the surface in a closed volume eventually reaches its highest value (saturated vapor pressure). This pressure varies from substance to substance and increases as the temperature rises with the rate of evaporation, equaling the atmospheric pressure at the boiling point of the liquid.
In steam boiler burners used in industry, gaseous fuels or fuel-oil are mixed with air and burned in the furnace zone. Burning gases pass through the convection section via the superheater before being introduced into the chimney; The deflector releases most of its heat by wrapping around the hearth guards. The actual convection section is made up of water pipes running between the water and steam cylinders. Some pipes constitute the inner wall of the boiler. The entry and evaporation of water take place in the upper cylinder. This cylinder also includes separators and dryers that dry the steam superheater or before it becomes available.
The steam engine is the first heat engine that converts heat energy into motion energy, thanks to its piston that goes back and forth with hot water vapor pressure. Industrial revolution steam engine has been realized. Steam engines were the main power source in industry and transportation (trains and steamships) until the 20th century. The steam engine is an external combustion heat engine. The steam operating the machine is produced in the steam boiler heated by a furnace outside the machine. The steam engine piston is a double-sided machine type.
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