Fiber/yarn is the main ingredient of the rug. The shape of the rug, the type of yarn to be used are the most important features that directly affect the quality of the rug. The importance of fiber-yarn in rug selection emerges in the consideration of many issues such as contamination, wear-wear, static electricity transport, color diversity. Most of the rugs we use today are produced with synthetic fiber and yarn. So, why do you think rug yarns are very important?
Rug yarns determine the quality of the rug. Rug quality differs according to the type and size of the yarn used. The number in yarns is a measure of yarn thickness. The numbers of the yarn are calculated either from the length of the yarn per unit weight or from the weight of the yarn per unit length. In hand-woven rugs, the yarn count is a factor that depends entirely on the quality of the rug to be woven. In fine quality rugs, thin threads with a large number are used, in coarse rugs, threads with a thick thread are used. It is a technical necessity to change the number of yarns according to the quality of the rug to be woven.
The Importance of Yarn Type in Rugs
Yarn is the essence of the rug, each yarn type adds a different structure and color richness to the rug. Each yarn has its own characteristics and it is necessary to choose according to the right area in order for the yarns to exhibit their unique properties in the best way. Wool rugs last longer than others. They maintain their original appearance for a long time even in places with high usage intensity. These rugs, woven from natural materials, resist matting and contamination.
In rugs with a high wool ratio, the more the use increases, the higher the brightness. Rugs woven from wool yarn are resistant to pressure. Thanks to these features, wool rugs do not get crushed under the weight of the furniture and do not form dents on them. In addition, rugs woven with woolen yarn create tiny air holes that help balance the room temperature with its high humidity, protein content, and spiral-folded structure. This means higher fire resistance for both natural insulation and rug.
Another type of yarn that increases the durability of the rug is Polyamide yarn. Carpets woven with polyamide yarn, like wool rugs, are resistant to the weight and movement of furniture and can retain their original appearance for a long time. They are also resistant to moisture. Carpets in which wool and polyamide yarns are used together have a pleasant appearance, as well as the comfort of wool and the durability of polyamide.
Acrylic yarns are lower in price than wool rugs and have more color options. Polyester and polypropylene threads are less resistant to pressure than others. If you have furniture on your rugs containing these threads, you should change their location periodically.
Rug Usage Areas by Yarn Types
There are a number of key questions you should ask before buying a suitable rug for yourself. The most important of these is the room in which the rug was purchased. For areas you use frequently, such as living rooms, corridors, or stairs, it is very important to choose a quality rug that can preserve its color and texture for a long time. Rugs produced with wool and acrylic yarns are ideal rugs for such areas.
Young rooms, living rooms, and kitchens are also the places we use frequently, in other words, with high traffic. It is more appropriate to use rugs made of woolen or acrylic yarn here, too. In baby rooms and rooms of people with allergies, polypropylene or polyamide rugs that do not stain and do not fly fluff should be preferred. Fluctuations in colors may occur over time in rugs produced with bright materials. For this reason, do not choose bright rugs in areas where they will be exposed to frequent use.
Rugs made of acrylic polypropylene, polyester, and bamboo yarn are more suitable for damp rooms or outdoor use with their moisture and mold-resistant structures. If you prefer wheeled seats in your decoration, choosing a rug with a short pile will provide ease of use. Short pile rugs also create a more comfortable environment for those who use crutches or walking sticks.
What Is the Best Rug Yarn?
One of the factors that should be considered when purchasing a rug is which thread is used in the weaving process. The amount of yarn per square meter is as important as the type of yarn used. If the yarns used in the rug are used frequently, then the rug quality will be much higher.
The material offered as the best rug yarn in rug production is wool. Rugs made entirely of wool are always described as the highest quality rugs. The creature from which the preferred wool is produced also has an effect on the quality. However, in general, all wool rugs are of good quality. In addition to wool, yarn types defined as Polyamide, Polypropylene, Polyester, and Acrylic are also used in the production of rugs.
Polyamide yarns can be shown as the most used yarn type in today’s rugs. They are more commonly known as nylon threads. It is one of the most preferred products due to its economic nature. In addition, it is a very durable material against abrasion.
This type of yarn, which has a flexible structure, is highly resistant to the movements of the furniture on it. While it can be produced in all desired colors, it can create an eye-catching image. In particular, its ability to hide dirt or stains makes it frequently preferred by people. Because of this feature, most of the rugs used in kitchens are produced from this material.
The most important feature of this yarn type is that it is resistant to moisture and mold. Due to these strengths, it is a product that can be used both indoors and outdoors with peace of mind. In addition, rugs made of this yarn are used in areas where there is constant contact with water. Bathroom rugs are produced using this material.
Polypropylene threads are not very successful products in hiding oil stains. In addition, its colors are generally dull since it is very resistant to paint. It can be shown as products that cannot preserve their appearance for a long time. It has a cheaper price compared to the other three types of material.
Polyester yarn can be shown on rugs as the yarn that shows the colors most clearly. The fact that it can be cleaned very easily causes it to be preferred very much. It exhibits very good behavior against water-based stains. However, as with polypropylene yarn, it can be shown as a type of yarn that is not resistant to oil-based stains.
It cannot be defined as a very flexible yarn type. For this reason, when it interacts with water, there is no deterioration or stretching in its structure. The rate of absorbing water and moisture in the environment is lower than other yarn types. Since it does not absorb the water and moisture on it, it is very suitable for outdoor use. Rains falling on it cause minimal damage to this yarn type.
Acrylic yarns can be shown as the yarn closest to wool in terms of structure. It has a very good resistance against mold. It is also very resistant to sunlight. When under the sun for a long time, there may be changes in its color, but this change will be minimal compared to other yarn types.
In terms of stains, it is not a product with very high performance. It shows the stain more than other yarn types and it is more difficult to remove the stain from the rug. Its color does not fade with trying to clean the stains. However, it can be difficult to completely remove the stains. Each yarn has certain advantages and disadvantages. Considering these, people need to make their decisions and choose their rugs.
Yarn Types Used in Rug Manufacturing
Wool fiber is the most expensive among others and is therefore used only in luxury carpets and rugs. Wool fiber has gained popularity because it is used in dense carpets and gives a soft feeling. Wool is the most qualified fiber known in carpet production and sets a standard when comparing carpet fibers.
The 80/20 mixture of wool fiber, which is mainly used in woven carpets, containing 80% wool and 20% nylon, is the most preferred combination because it carries the durability and wool quality of nylon. Since wool is resistant to staining, it can be easily cleaned. Wool, which is a yarn with fire resistance, does not cause any static electricity.
Silk, a luxurious fiber type, is used in hand-woven carpets and rugs. It is caused by the silkworm. Silk cocoon fibers are turned into yarn by passing through porcelain stools and twisting them.
Silk, known as Bombyx mori in the scientific language, is a textile fiber obtained by pulling under suitable conditions from the cocoon that a caterpillar-type insect feeds on mulberry leaves to undergo one of its life stages. When the cross-section of raw silk is examined, two separate structures are seen.
In the middle part, the fiber part composed of fibroin in two separate sections; On the outside, there is sericin, an adhesive substance that adheres the two parts together and covers the entire fiber. This substance gives the fiber a hard and dull appearance. Sericin is removed by dissolving it with hot water.
Cotton fiber is soft, but not stable and resistant to stains. Sometimes it is mixed with different ingredients. For example; Silk can be used for warp and cotton for the weft. Thus, the weaving gains enormous strength and durability. Cotton is rarely used for hand weaving.
Cotton wears out in a short time. It becomes dull and gains a worn appearance. The extraordinary effort that goes into hand-weaving the carpet is thus wasted. Although cotton, which is mostly used in rug making, is a long-lasting fiber, it stains easily. Due to its washability, it is widely used in bathroom rugs.
- Animal fluff
Goat, horse, cow, and wild animal feathers are also fibers used in carpet production. The combinations of this with other fibers not only increase the durability of the fiber but also provide non-flammability and prevent contamination.
Jute is a dark brown plant and is generally used for undercoats of carpets. Cord-type carpets are sometimes mixed with artificial silk.
- Coconut fiber (Coir)
Used in small mats and runners, this fiber is obtained from coconut and resembles sisal in terms of its feature.
- Goat hair
Nomads often use goat hair for weft and warp. Herds of goats follow the nomadic tribes during their migration, and it is quite natural that the nomads only use the feathers of the animals in a certain amount. Goat hair is used only for weaving with tools but is rarely used for hand weaving. Because goat feathers are laid too much for hand weaving. However, there are exceptions. Angora goat is very valuable because of its quality Angora wool, which is very suitable for carpet weaving.
It is used by being mixed into the fiber to reduce the static load in synthetic carpets.
- Synthetic yarns
Most of the carpets we use today are produced with synthetic fiber/yarn. There are 4 basic synthetic fiber/yarn types including polyamide, polypropylene, polyester, and acrylic. These four types of synthetic yarn can be kneaded with each other as well as blended with wool and can appear as alternative fiber/yarn types.
- Polyamide (Nylon)
Nylon, the most popular yarn type today, is a material that is resistant to wear, flexible, resistant to the weight and movement of the furniture, and at the same time can provide eye-catching colors. Among synthetic fibers, polyamide is mostly used by wall-to-wall carpet manufacturers and is preferred in commercial areas because it is the most successful fiber that preserves its appearance in the best way and is stain-resistant.
- Polypropylene (PP)
Polypropylene yarn is used in synthetic grass used on outdoor sports floors and in playrooms in homes and nurseries. Being anti-static is an advantage of polypropylene.
This sort of yarn, which has fabulous color clarity, can be effortlessly cleaned and is additionally exceedingly good against water-based stains, but its resistance to oil-based stains is lower than nylon, similar to polypropylene. Polyester is produced in the same way as Polyamide (Nylon), but it is below Polyamide (Nylon) in the abrasion resistance ranking. For this reason, it can be easily preferred for outdoor carpets.
Acrylic, which is a type of fiber that can give the look and feel of wool with its structure, is resistant to mold and has a high resistance to sunlight. The non-flammability / fire resistance of Acrylic, whose abrasion resistance is not as high as Polyamide (Nylon), is weaker compared to the wool fiber-yarn, which is similar in appearance. The performance of acrylic in terms of stain resistance is lower than other fiber types.
It is used in carpet production due to its structure that allows coloring and its similarity to Wool Carpet, which has an important place in classical carpet culture. Due to the abundance of raw materials and low cost, Acrylic Fiber is used by home carpet, office carpet, hotel carpet, and dormitory carpet manufacturers.
Other Yarn Types
Yarn is a group of fibers that have been drawn, made to the desired dimensions, optionally twisted and folded, ready-to-use. Yarn types are categorized according to their raw materials, their structures, and places of use.
- Carded Ring Cotton Yarn
Carded ring cotton yarns are cotton yarn produced from shorter cotton fiber than combed cotton yarn production, without carding process. Carded ring yarns are of lower quality than combed cotton yarns. These threads have a smooth and rough surface. The twist of these yarns used in the weaving and knitting industry is low for knitwear and higher for weaving.
The thicker the yarn (the smaller the yarn number), the lower the price and the coarse the yarn. Usually, 6 to 30 numbers are produced. They exhibit a weak fabric structure. They create a loose, coarse and shaggy fabric. Since carded yarns contain some foreign matter compared to combed yarns, carded products look duller and less clean than combed cotton products.
Carded ring yarns are used for weaving fabrics such as denim (blue jeans), cord, towel, sportswear fabrics, linens, upholstery fabrics, home textiles, technical fabrics. Carded ring yarns are used in all-cotton fabrics produced in weaving except for cotton fabrics where combed yarns are compulsory.
- Combed Cotton Ring Cotton Yarn
It is a quality cotton yarn formed by spinning long and fine cotton fibers through the combing circle (combing) and spinning them in short-staple yarn. It consists of the comber, sliver coalescing, and combing machines. Therefore, the machine park required to produce combed yarn is long and expensive. The material is processed with a lot of energy. This creates a high-quality and more expensive combed cotton yarn with wide usage. The staple diagram was developed as it was freed from short fibers.
Thin threads up to No. 80 can be produced. It has smooth and soft touch. It is cleaner and more homogeneous than carded yarn. Its strength is higher and its smoothness is less. Fabrics made with combed cotton yarns are better and of higher quality than fabrics made with carded yarns. Its most important feature is that it is water absorbent.
This increases the ability to be used. There is no static electricity and piling problem. Fabrics made with combed cotton yarns have a wide variety of uses. It is used in underwear and outerwear products (summer and winter) in women’s, men’s, and children’s clothing, upholstery in home textiles, and curtain covers.
- Open-End Cotton Yarn
They are yarns produced according to the open-end spinning system. The most used method is rotor spinning. Cotton and cotton-type fibers can be used. The formation of the open-end yarn differs from ring yarn. Basically, there are differences in the machine park. In open-end spinning, feeding is done as a band and the yarn formed is directly bobbed.
In short, roving and bobbin stages in ring spinning do not exist in Open-end spinning. Coarse and medium-fine yarns are obtained. It has a voluminous and hairy structure. Compared to ring yarns, its strength is low and its unevenness is higher. The fabrics where open-end yarns are mostly used are denim (jean) fabrics.
Originating from cotton gives absorbency to fabrics. The use of Open-end yarns on a product basis has become more and more common since the day it emerged. Apart from the clothing industry, open-end yarns are used in home textiles, decorative fabrics, industrial fabrics that do not require much strength.
- Worsted Wool Yarn
It is a method of wool spinning. It is a quality wool yarn obtained by combing long and fine wool fibers and then spinning them. In worsted spinning, the machine park is much longer than the woolen yarn. There are drawing, carding, finisher, and ring spinning machines after combing. They have good strength, their smoothness is maximum. There is a uniform structure, the fibers are arranged parallel to each other and in a regular manner. Fine wool threads are obtained in this way.
Worsted wool threads are in principle similar to combed cotton threads. Short fibers go to waste with the combing process in worsted, too. This increases the quality of the yarn. More smooth-surfaced fabrics are obtained with worsted yarns. These fabrics are finely structured delicate woven, and knitted products. The texture and pattern are evident in these fabrics. Its thermal insulation feature is less than the carded wool yarn, which is the result of the tight structure and low volume. They show wrinkles, but the iron-holding feature is good.
Heavy and good quality clothes are produced from worsted yarns that can be worn in winter. These are men’s and women’s outerwear. (Suits, jackets, skirts, etc.) It is also used in fine knitted fabrics, sweaters, winter blouse products, and children’s wear.
- Carded Wool Yarn
It is obtained by processing wool fibers with a high short fiber ratio, which are not combed, according to woolen technology. It is passed through the carding process after the blow room. It is taken from the comb as a roving (front yarn) and the yarn is formed by spinning. It has a low strength, smooth and bulky structure compared to worsted. The fibers are placed randomly in the yarn. It is thick and coarse-looking, its surface is rough and hairy.
Carded wool yarns are used on woven surfaces. Its coarse and hairy nature minimizes its use in the knitting industry. Fabrics made from these yarns provide very good insulation thanks to their softness and volume. The texture of these fabrics is not clear. Since they have a spongy and springy attitude, they do not hold the iron, but they are suitable for raising. These yarns are widely used in the overcoat, coat type clothing, and especially in blanket production, as they provide better insulation than worsted yarns. Apart from these, they are used in the production of hand-woven carpets and rugs.
- Linen Yarn
They are threads produced from flax fiber obtained from the stems of the flax plant. They are partitioned into two sections as the short and long-staple. Although short-staple flax yarns are coarse and thick, long-staple yarns are thin and delicate. Short staple yarns have a bulky surface and there are irregularities. Long-staple yarns, on the other hand, have a smooth and smooth surface. In general, long-staple linen yarns are of higher quality than short-staple yarns, but more expensive.
Short staple yarns are generally used in the production of coarse fabrics woven in homes. Long-staple yarns are used for weaving more delicate fabrics because they have a thin and smooth surface. It can only be used as a mixture in the knitting industry. Linen fiber, which can’t be utilized in its pure form in the weaving and knitwear area, is utilized in items acquired from woven textures in general. Fine fabric products are usually summer clothes. Coarse fabrics are used in products such as straw and shoes. Apart from these, linen is used in the production of home textiles, cleaning cloths, napkins, and handkerchiefs.
- Flush (Viscose) Yarn
Yarns obtained in filament form from regenerated cellulose fibers are called flush (rayon), and yarns obtained from staple fiber are called viscose yarns. In filament form yarns (flush), features such as appearance, touch, and brightness are similar to silk, soft and draped, they do not cause problems in terms of static electricity and piling. Yarns made from staple fibers (viscose), on the other hand, show moisture-absorbing properties similar to cotton. Its strength is less than filament yarn. Apart from this, its properties can be further improved, especially with various similar finishing processes.
Flush-viscose yarns in filament or staple form are widely used in woven and knitted fabrics. Fine draped and fancy fabrics can be obtained, they show most of the yarn properties in the same way. Viscose (flush) fabrics are widely used. It is used in ready-to-wear and industrial areas, especially in home textiles. They are widely used, especially in the production of stylish and flowing fancy outfits. It is also used as a lining in upper clothing.
- Melange Yarn
They are yarns obtained by mixing different colored fibers in the determined proportions. This process can be done with different methods. It can be mixed in the blow room or mixed by dubbing from printed worsted tops or tapes. The dye material suitable for one fiber is not accepted by the other fiber, creating the melange effect. The amount of dyed fiber to be used in production is determined according to the color characteristic of the yarn. They generally have a wavy, color-changing appearance and are used in weaving and knitting.
Melange fabrics reflect the characteristics of the raw material used. The desired color ratios and tones in the fabric are provided by the yarn. It has a color change and wrinkled appearance. Generally, mixed yarns are used. The usage areas of the fabrics made with melange yarns increase from time to time depending on the fashion. However, the most accepted usage areas are sweatshirts, t-shirts, and tracksuits. Apart from these, woolen melange products are used in men’s and women’s outerwear.
- Mouline Yarn
They are yarns formed by twisting yarns of different colors by folding them together. This process is achieved either by twisting the rovings of different colors after being drawn on the ring-spinning machine or by folding single-layer yarns. The amount of twist to be given is adjusted according to the place where the yarn will be used. The same or different fiber types with different colors can be used in the production of mouline yarns. The properties of the yarn vary depending on the properties of the fiber used in yarn production.
Mouline yarns, which are produced by using different fiber types, are used in the production of woven and knitted fabrics. These fabrics are generally hard to handle and have a surface appearance with a homogeneous color distribution. Woven and knitted fabrics produced using mouline yarn are mainly used in outerwear exposed to abrasion and friction due to their durable structure. Products such as suits, jackets, and skirts are obtained from woven fabrics and products such as sweaters or cardigans from knitted fabrics.
Best Rug Yarns That You Can Buy Online
- Weaving Thread – Cotton Thread Rug Yarn – Lap Loom warp Thread – Cricket Loom Weaving Shuttle – Hilo para tejer a Crochet (1 Yarn)
- Durable Loom Warp Thread (Natural/Off White), One Spool, 8/4 Warp Yarn (800 Yards), Perfect for Weaving: Carpet, Tapestry, Rug, Blanket or Pattern – Warping Thread for Any Loom
- golo Cotton Cone Yarn 8.8 oz 705yd Carpet Yarn 6/4,Knitting or Weaving:Carpet, Tapestry, Rug, Blanket(Rose red)
- Wool Queen 8 Ply 100% Acrylic Yarns, Tender Green,3.5 OZ/136 Yards, Great for Rug Punch, Pompom Art, Weaving, Crochet and Knitting Project. Machine Wash & Dry -LS69