Rug Quality Guide: Factors Determining the Quality of a Rug



When choosing the rugs that crown the floors, you are based on the style and color of your decoration. In this regard, it is possible to find a variety of rugs with different brands and patterns in the market. Well, can you say good quality for your chosen rug? In order to buy a healthy and long-lasting rug on which your family will spend time safely, you need to evaluate the criteria well. These criteria, which are quality criteria, increase the performance level and offer usability, so we can say that it is “quality” for that rug.

Rug quality is determined by several factors such as the pile height, the yarn type, surface weight, style, weaving density, brand, and warranty certificate. One of the most important criteria for rug quality is the density of the rug. Density refers to the number of yarn hair per square inch of the rug. The denser the rug, the longer it will look new. A good way to check rug density is to fold the back of the rug and look, then see how the ropes are made tight where the rug is folded. The less back support there is, the more quality the rug is.



Sometimes rug density can be confused with pile height and surface weight. Just because a rug has a high pile size or a high surface weight does not mean that the rug in question is of sufficient density or will wear out in a long time. A high pile length gives the rug a luxurious look. However, the higher the pile height, the greater the tendency for fading in the rug, especially in places with heavy use. If you want a deep pile rug, choose one with extra density.

Surface weight is a measure of the total amount of yarn on the face of the rug. Although two rugs have the same surface weight, they can be extremely different in quality and performance.

How to Assess Rug Quality?


How is the rug quality understood? Here are some important points to consider when making a purchase decision for a rug.

At this point, turn to the trusted names of the industry. One of the first factors you will consider in understanding rug quality is pile weight. The pile weight is yarn weight per m2. In general, it can be said that rugs with higher pile weight are more durable.



When examining the type of yarn, it is necessary to divide the rugs into two as natural and synthetic. Silk, sisal yarn, and wool are generally used in natural rugs. Today, machine rugs produced with synthetic yarn have a more common usage area. Nylon, polypropylene, polyester, and acrylic yarns are mostly used in these rugs. Nylon, which is frequently used in rug production, is resistant to the weight of the furniture to be placed on it. Rugs made of this yarn stand out with their flexibility and non-staining properties.

Polypropylene has a moisture-resistant and mold-proof structure, so rugs made of these yarns are also used outdoors. These are also antistatic. Polyester rugs are resistant to water-based stains and exhibit excellent color clarity. Acrylic rugs have a wool look and feel like wool. These are resistant to sunlight and mildew.

The quality of workmanship and yarn quality in hand-woven rugs are among the main issues to be evaluated. The higher the number of knots, the tighter the rug is woven. To understand the tightness of the weaving, the back of the rug should be looked at. The more prominent the pattern on the front is on the back surface, the tighter the rug is woven.

Quality and Production Standards of the Rugs


Rugs, which are indispensable for decoration that add color to every space, place, and life, offer consumers a wide range of products with thousands of colors, textures, and pattern options. In general researches, the main factors that pay attention to when buying a carpet are price and color. Although color and price are important, they should not preclude basic criteria such as product quality and how the carpet will perform when installed in the space. So, how do you think the quality and performance of the various rugs should be compared?

While shaded and deep dimensional options are increasing day by day, it will not be easy to decide which carpet is the right choice for you. An industrial classification program is designed to provide carpet buyers with information about carpet quality and performance that everyone can understand. The carpet manufacturers association uses this formula to classify their products by all major manufacturers of carpets in the domestic market.



In their laboratories located in each production facility, companies with test equipment, registered certificates, and brands undertake to comply with strict rules and regulations, and after the success of their work in their own laboratories, they present their products for approval in order to determine their compliance with the Technical Directives.

Different Location Directive Labels define carpets classified according to standards. These labels are separated according to the installation and quality standards appropriate to the class of the carpet, for example, a quality product is shown in “heavy traffic” conditions. There are two types of place directive tags. A carpet in the residential use class has a blue label, and carpets in the corporate use class have a red label. Rugs in both usage classes carry both labels together. Residential and institutional use categories are also divided among themselves as “light, medium, heavy and extra heavy”.

  • Quality and Performance Test

Factories producing Carpet and Wall-to-Wall Carpets, which are involved in R&D studies, should be conscious of the laboratories that they have to keep in their facilities and must meet the minimum production and performance criteria by classifying the products they produce according to standards.

  • Extractible Substance

Remnants of natural wool oils or residual oils may be found after processing oils applied to threads and fibers during manufacture. The extractible material test checks whether the oil content in the carpet yarns exceeds the maximum values. It is very important to keep the extractible material to a minimum value in order to minimize contamination.



  • Rug Feather Detection

It measures the amount of force required to dislodge the pile on the carpet, in Newton. The test repeats the effects of rubbing and pulling on the carpet’s hair by objects such as shoe buckles and chair legs.

  • Accelerated Wear Test

A heavy mass with nails is rolled on the sample carpet to simulate the effect of abrasive foot traffic. During the test, the circle with 6 spiked weights is passed over the sample carpet. The circle is first rotated 1,500 and then 8,000 times and the color and texture changes are determined by comparing them with the carpet samples that were not tested.

The Criteria That Make the Rug Quality


What makes a rug quality? There are certain criteria that make rugs quality. When you find a rug that includes all of these criteria, you can conclude that it is of good quality. We can say that rugs with the criteria we will specify in a moment are the best option in terms of performance, durability, and lifetime. So what are these criteria?

  • Surface Weight

The surface weights of rugs are one of the first things most people look at when choosing a rug. It may be sensible to choose a rug from this feature most of the time, though not always. The surface weight of the rug can enable us to understand that the material used is robust, therefore the rug is long-lasting.



  • Rug Density

What is meant by the density of the rug is how often the loops are knitted. We can say that the higher the stitch density, the better the rug is. Although these density rates vary according to the material of the rug, you should prefer more tightly woven rug models.

  • Thread Type

You can say that whatever the thread or material used is the biggest factor in the quality of the rug. Different threads have different characteristic properties. Generally used yarn types in synthetic rugs; nylon, polyester, and olefin. In the rugs that we call natural, handmade; silk, wool, and sisal threads are used. These materials generally determine the characteristics and quality of the rug.

The type of yarn, which is the basic material of the rug, directly affects the quality of the rug. Rugs that are woven with acrylic, polypropylene, polyester, and nylon threads, which have been encountered recently, provide good resistance to the items placed on them. For a rug using quality yarns, we can easily talk about flexibility, softness, resistance to pressure, and antistatic properties.

  • Warranty Certificate

One of the factors you should pay attention to when buying a rug or trying to understand its quality is the warranty certificate. Or you should learn the return conditions. Remember that nobody guarantees a poor quality product.

  • Style of the Rug

The style of the rug can affect its performance. Here, the attention you will show while choosing can help you get the maximum efficiency out of your situation.



  • Weaving Frequency

The weaving density, called pile, represents the number of threads per square meter. The more this yarn count, the denser our rug is woven. This indicates that our rug will offer long-lasting use. Pile height is also an important factor in quality. As the pile height, which is directly related to the yarn quality, increases – if the quality and the appropriate yarn are used – we can talk about softer and more flexible rugs.

  • Brand

In addition to the important criteria in rug selection, you should get help from expert brands that have written their name in the sector. Head towards the most reliable names of the sector who have adopted a qualified production mission. You can guarantee your comfort with the easy-to-clean and lint-free quality structure of the brands that have focused on quality.

  • Technological Features

In addition to features such as weaving density, yarn quality, pile height, brand awareness in the sector, technological features used in rugs have become very important in daily use. These technological features, which increase functionality, appear as nanotechnology that provides anti-slip, resistance to pressure, antibacterial, anti-allergic fabric, and liquid repellency. These advanced features have taken their place as important criteria to be considered in rug selection.

  • Liquid Repellent Feature

Nanotechnology has begun to take its place in electronic, magnetic, optical, and biomedical processes as a new generation of technology. This technology, which makes it possible to work with the smallest nanoscale (1 millimeter: 1,000,000 nanometers), creates nano rugs that repel liquids and hence stain-proof when applied to rugs. Nano rugs that do not tire you when it comes to cleaning have a stain-proof feature with their self-cleaning structure.

Quality Calculations in Rugs


Various statements about quality force us to research clearly what quality is in the carpet. Quality is the number of rows of 10 cm wide warp wire and 10 cm long loops. The product of the number of warp threads at 10 cm and the number of rows of loops in 10 cm gives us the total loop (knot) per 1 decimeter square. In other words, the number of loops in 1 decimeter (dm) square indicates the quality of that carpet.



For example, when we say Quality 26 x 33, the number 26, which is the first of these two numbers, indicates the number of warp wires entering 10 cm (1 dm) width of the carpet, and the second number 33 indicates the number of loops per 10 cm (1 dm) length of the carpet. This gives the total number of stitches in the square. 26 x 33 = 858 loops.

The first number is given in size always refers to the width of the carpet and the second number refers to the length of the carpet. The product of the first number of quality and the first number of the size gives the total number of strings in the carpet. The multiplication of the second number of the quality and the second number of the size gives the total number of rows of that carpet.

The product of the number of strands found and the number of rows shows the total number of loops (knots) in the carpet. The area of ​​the carpet is found by the product of its width and height. If the dimensions given are in cm, the result is cm2. Dm is the result dm2. If the dimensions are given in meters (m), the result will be square meters (m2). However, in carpet weaving, calculations are usually done over the decimeter. The factors affecting the quality of carpet can be listed as follows:



  • Bench selection according to carpet types
  • The humidity of the carpet weaving place
  • Using warp yarn according to quality
  • Proper installation of warp on the machine
  • First weaving initiation by the carpet teacher
  • Explanation of the pattern to the weaver
  • Tying knots in accordance with quality
  • Manually breaking the stitches
  • Using scissors suitable for carpet character

Issues Affecting Quality in Hand Woven Rugs


Quality is the ability to fulfill the desired functions under specified conditions and within a specified period of time. In this respect, the structural features of the product rank first in the order of importance. There are many factors that can affect the quality in terms of pattern, color, raw material, and technique in hand-woven rugs, where hand workmanship and skill are completely dominant in production. In addition, all of our local rugs have come out of the differences that these elements contain. The Matters Affecting the Quality of Hand-Woven Rugs are as follows;

  • Dyeing Stitch Yarns According to the Pattern

When weaving with loop yarns that have a difference in tone, if a part of the rug is dark and some are light, there will be an error. The colors in the pattern should be the same color and tone of the yarns to be used in the rug to be woven. If the hue of the colors in the pattern and the stitching thread used in the rug is not the same, the appearance in the pattern will not appear on the rug and the original colors of the pattern will be changed. Some manufacturers may not have a stitching thread suitable for the colors in the pattern. At this time, it determines the stitch yarns not according to the original colors in the pattern, but according to the colors available in the warehouse. This causes the colors to change.

  • Appropriate Yarn Numbers for the Sewing According to the Quality to be Applied


In the production of the rug to be woven, the yarn count determined in advance according to the quality and written in the standard should be used. If the loop is thicker than standard, it is lower than the rug quality. If a thin loop is used, it will be higher than its quality. This causes the originality of the motifs on the rug to become long and flattened and decreases the quality of the rug.

  • Use of Warp Yarn According to Quality

Warp yarn should be used in thickness and number determined according to the quality of the rug. If warp yarn thinner than the thickness determined for quality is used, continuous transverse shrinkage occurs in the woven rug. If the warp yarn is used more than the determined thickness, the woven rug expands continuously and does not fit the length of the rug in the desired quality, low quality weaving comes out.

  • Using (Thin-Thick) Weft According to Quality

Thin and thick weft yarns used in rugs should be used in a number determined according to quality. If the wefts (thin thickness) are used thinner than determined, the rug is lower than the quality of the rug if it is used low. This causes the quality of the rug to deteriorate.

  • Loom Selection According to Rug Types

The type of loom should be selected according to the type of rug to be woven. This loom selection affects the rug quality as well as the cost. In particular, 100 x 100 and higher quality silk, wool silk rugs should be made on stretch looms. If it is woven on winding looms, since the warp of the winding loom is unwound in the warp apparatus outside and then attached to the loom, it is impossible to provide the same tension in all wires of the warp, so the rug will not come out with the desired quality evenly.



In places where warps are loose, loops do not fit. Since the loop rows of the tense places will sit, quality deterioration such as pattern boatness, skewness, etc. will occur in the rug. In order to eliminate these drawbacks, it is necessary to determine the type of loom according to the quality and quality of the rug to be woven.

  • Explanation of the Pattern to the Weaver

The colors of the stitch yarns prepared according to the colors in the pattern to be applied to the rug should be explained to the weaver along with the pattern. In addition, if the patterns are fragmented and glued to cardboard or hardboard, the weaver should be told which piece will be woven after which piece during weaving by numbering these pieces. It should be explained how many revolutions of mother-of-pearl and borders starting from the edge and towards the middle ground pattern will make in the report pattern.

If there is a difference between the middle ground pattern and the wide border, it should be explained how many rows there are and what action will be taken for this. Otherwise, an irreparable pattern error will occur in the woven rug. And as the quality of the woven rug will decrease, it will lose value.

  • Wholesale Preparation of Sewing Yarns to be Used for Rug According to the Colors in the Pattern

How much and which color thread yarn will be used for the rug to be woven should be determined in advance, and weaving should be started after all colors are determined exactly. If all of the thread yarns are not adjusted, barre is caused in the woven rug. In particular, if there is not a sufficient storage system for the yarn and records are not kept on which rugs from the existing yarn in the stock, it will definitely cause the rug to be barre. In this regard, after calculating the number of stitches of all colors, weaving should be started.

  • Installing the Warp Properly on the Loom

Warp calculation should be done well according to the rug to be woven. The warp should be untied after calculating the number of warps in the width of the rug and the rug length + eaves head. In winding looms, the warp should be tied to the left and right side trees of the loom at the same distance, that is to say, the warp should be careful to come to the middle of the beams. After the warp is transferred on the winding looms, the loose warp wires should be tied and have the same tension.

If this is not done, some parts of the rug will sit normally. The quality of the rug deteriorates as it will throw some places high. For warps that are unwound in tension loom, space should be left on the right and left sides of the side trees and care should be taken that the warp is in the middle of the lower and upper beams. If this issue is not paid attention to when the unwound warp is compressed, one side of the warp will stretch too much and the other side will stretch less, so when the rug is woven, it will constantly slip in the loose place. As a result, the rug turns out to be crooked.



  • Pile Height Cutting of Loops

In silk and wool-silk rugs, cutting the stitches of the woven rugs every row ensures that the rug surface comes out smooth. Wool rugs also need to be cut every two rows. If it is cut in 3-4 rows, it gives the weaver difficulty in cutting and the rug surface will not come out smooth. Those who work with curved scissors cut after weaving 200-300 rows. This does not give a smooth surface and causes two times the amount to be consumed per 1 square meter of thread yarn.

That is, if the weaver starts to cut the stitches with a length of 10 mm in the first row, the upper loop should be as long as the thickness of the blade edge from the lower loop length in order for the blade to cut the stitch easily in the second and subsequent rows. If the cut stitches lengthen as much as the thickness of the blade in each row, the more the stitch thread damage becomes. For this, the loops must be cut in wool rugs every two rows.

Quality Rugs With Extra Features


Now it is possible to find carpets in all colors, all types, different qualities and suitable for every pocket. What should be considered for a quality carpet is the density of the carpet. The density of the carpet is the yarn pile count. The denser the carpet, the longer it can be used. In order to understand the density of the carpet, attention should be paid to the tightness of the ropes and to look at it.

When purchasing a quality carpet, attention should be paid to the type of carpet. If yarn carpet is to be taken as an example, attention should be paid to yarn quality. Rugs woven with wool yarn can be used longer than artificial yarn carpets. Wool carpet is resistant to pressure. In this way, carpet crushing does not occur under the furniture and permanent marks do not appear on the carpet. The only disadvantage for wool carpets is that the price is slightly higher than other carpet types.

Wool carpet is one of the best quality carpets. The most important factor for quality carpet; Even after many years of use, it looks like the first day. Wool carpet balances the humidity and heat in its environment. If there is excess moisture, it will absorb the excess moisture. If there is low humidity, it releases the moisture it has captured. In this way, it creates a balance in terms of moisture and helps to create a healthy environment. Another advantage of wool carpet is that it is burn resistant.



For example, items such as burning cigarette butts or matches do not ignite on the carpet and usually leave no traces. Apart from this, wool carpet provides an insulating feature in terms of sound and heat thanks to its unique structure. Apart from that, wool carpet is also resistant to dust and dirt. When it is properly maintained, it preserves its first appearance and quality for many years.

Antibacterial quality carpets prevent the formation of microorganisms. In this way, they ensure that bacteria and microorganisms stay away from the carpet. Antibacterial carpet should be preferred especially for families with children. Antibacterial carpet contains substances that prevent bacteria from living and prevent bacterial growth. In this way, it is very suitable for use in the baby room. It can be used safely and comfortably in all rooms. Apart from this, antibacterial carpet supports the substances that cause allergies to hold on the carpet and prevents them from coming to the surface.

Dirt-repellent quality carpets, on the other hand, are one of the advantageous carpets, especially for hygienic people. The dirt-repellent carpet is produced with materials resistant to dirt, from its threads to its fibers. In this way, the carpet does not hold dirt in any way. In case of contamination, it can be cleaned more easily than other carpets. Antibacterial and dirt-repellent carpets are not the same carpet types. The production and properties of both carpets are different.

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Savaş Ateş

I'm a software engineer. I like history and reading about carpets. I like to play soccer too :)

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