The type of fibers used in the carpet is effective in many aspects, from how easily your carpet can be cleaned to how long you can use your carpet. Besides the type of fibers, how often the yarns are woven, also known as pile density, is also very important. So, which is the most useful type of carpet according to the fibers used in the carpet, what are the characteristics of carpet types?
Carpeting the rooms a major decorating expense and it requires decisions you may live with for years. Wear and cost take precedence over color and appearance, and the kind of traffic your carpet is expected to bear can be a big factor while you are trying to buy new carpet. The two most popular carpet fibers are nylon fibers and polyester fibers.
So, in this article, we will take a look at what the polyester carpet is, what the nylon carpet is and what the similarities and comparisons between them. Before expanding on the topic, let’s clarify what the polyester carpet is and what the nylon carpet is.
When you know the fiber type of your carpet, it has two major advantages. First, it gives you a better understanding of the cleanability of your carpet. How you can easily clean the carpet and how difficult to remove spots and stains from the carpet are very important. Second, it will allow you to better choose a cleaning product that removes the most soil without damaging the carpet, fiber or color and altering the texture.
Nylon (Polyamide) Carpets
Nylon is the most popular synthetic fiber carpet on the market today for residential carpets. Nearly 50% of carpet is nylon fiber. It is also popular for some commercial carpet applications. Even though it is more expensive, it is regarded as more durable and longer-lasting. Even though with stain treatments and padding, the cost can increase as well, it is mostly recommended by manufacturers and carpet professionals first and foremost due to its durability.
Polyamide, the most popular fiber type thanks to its high strength, is wear-resistant and flexible. It is resistant to the weight and movement of the furniture. It is also a material that can provide eye-catching colors. Since it is a structure that can hide stains and dirt, it has little or heavy traffic and is suitable for all kinds of usage areas. Polyamide is resistant to abrasion and it is flexible. It has a structure that conceals stains and dirt. Among the synthetic fibers, polyamide is the most successful fiber preservation agent.
All types of polyamides are referred to under the chemical definition of nylon. Its mechanical strength is very secretive. Water and moisture retention rate is very high. Therefore, it undergoes changes on a dimensional scale. Due to moisture absorption, it is resistant to instantaneous impacts and vibrations so that dynamic stresses are eliminated within the structure.
It is the most resistant type to mold and stain. It is used in carpet making which is extremely showy and flexible. It shows high abrasion resistance, important in rooms where doors may brush against the carpet, shopping carts and strollers are constant traffic, or furniture is frequently moved around. In a family room, where chairs may travel frequently from the card table to the TV, a mud-room or back hall, resilient nylon carpet shows few furniture-foot indents and is not easily worn by friction. It has mostly bright structures.
Compared to other types, they are more expensive but more durable. Since it is suitable for chemical mixtures, it is used in hospitals and schools in areas where it is obligatory to use this type of carpet as it is antibacterial during production. It is, therefore, a good choice anywhere that food and beverages are served.
Nylon’s resiliency is due in large part to its chemical make-up. The hydrogen molecule that constitutes part of its structure can be revived by the hot water extraction cleaning method, which is known as steam cleaning. The heat from the steam cleaner reactivates the hydrogen molecule so that when the fibers have begun to flatten due to foot traffic, cleaning the carpet helps the fibers to bounce back. This resiliency is what keeps a nylon carpet looking like new longer than any other fiber.
Nylon is clearly the most sought after carpeting due to its resiliency, impeccable ability to bounce back after being stepped on, or trampled in areas of heavy traffic. It has also an ability to hide soil or other random filaments that might get trapped between carpet fibers and piles.
In terms of their overall performance characteristics, nylon fiber is the most versatile of all fibers and provides excellent flexibility, allowing a wide range of carpet styles to be created. Highly durable, stain and mold resistant and static-free nylon is a great choice for carpets of any density and application.
Many new nylon fibers are also exceptionally soft. Although not inherently stain-resistant, most nylon carpets undergo special treatments to protect against household debris and stain formation. Nylon carpets are dyed during the production of the fibers so that no color flow occurs after production. Nylon fiber is the material for the majority of all residential carpets.
Solution-dyed nylon is created in a manufacturing process that builds the color into the fiber as it is formed, making the color an inherent part of the fiber that cannot be removed. When the color is actually part of the fiber, it is permanent and fade-resistant, and spills are less likely to attach themselves to the fiber to create stains.
To sum up, the benefits of using nylon carpets are being the most resilient one among all fiber types, maintaining a new appearance longer, more resistant to stains, easy to clean, very durable and can be color-dyed.
Nowadays, approximately 25% of the carpet sold is polyester. It can be a quality carpet choice that provides many years of useful life. The biggest benefit of polyester carpet would be that it is generally less expensive than nylon carpet.
In today’s carpet industry, much of the polyester carpet is made from recycled P.E.T, which is derived from plastic soft drink bottles. This process helps to keep millions of plastic soft drink bottles out of landfills and saves on the use of resources in the production of polyester.
This type of fiber with excellent colors can be easily cleaned. Although it is also highly resistant to water-based stains, its resistance to oil-based stains is much weaker than polyamide, as is the case with polypropylene. Polyester is a very inflexible fiber and it does not deteriorate when wet. It means it is resistant to water. The moisture absorption rate of polyester is less than that of other fiber types. Therefore, it can be preferred in outdoor carpets with peace of mind.
Polyester is a type of fiber that is not very flexible, hardness does not deteriorate when wet. The moisture absorption rate of polyester is much lower than other fiber types. It is easy to clean due to the fiber color with excellent color clarity and is also highly resistant to water-based stains. Polyester is referred to as a closed-cell fiber, which means that it does not have any open dye sites for stains to adhere to.
While polyester carpet has always had a reputation for lush softness, it was often at a tradeoff for durability. New technology has increased durability while maintaining traditional velvety quality. It is a raw material that performs well in terms of appearance, although it lags behind in terms of flexibility. It is a type that visual and durability seekers may prefer. It is the most economical among the other types, they have very reasonable prices. It shows a very high-performance thanks to its resistance structure even in busy places.
If you need to clean the room frequently, such as the room where you will use the carpet, children’s room, lounge or bedroom, it is better to choose polyester textured carpets. Polyester will make the room look rich and easy to clean at the same time. For a bedroom or dressing-room, a high-quality polyester carpet brings a feeling of luxury and relaxation that is hard to duplicate in other rug materials.
For a guest room or a study room, where there is low foot traffic; for a growing child’s room, where childhood is yielding to tween; for a grad-student apartment, whose lease will last only as long as the time it takes to get the degree, polyester carpet gets the job done, leaving you both time and money to tend to other matters.
Although polyester fibers are not essentially as flexible as nylon, the carpets made of polyester fibers will perform well if they are made well. Polyester carpet provides exceptional softness and color clarity. Their resistance to crushing and their wide range of dynamic colors provide many advantages to polyester fiber carpets. Generally used in soft loop or barber loop carpets, polyester is a fiber used for making luxury products.
The Similarities Between Nylon Fibers and Polyester Fibers
Even though nylon fibers and polyester fibers are quite different in terms of feeling and performance, they have some common characteristics that are worth to point out. For example, they are both petroleum-based synthetics.
Nylon is invented by DuPont chemists in the 1930s and it has invented as a silk substitute. It is a long-chain polymer which makes it quite hard, so it never took much market share from silk. Today’s generation of material is known as Nylon 6 which is Antron or Nylon 6,6 which is Stainmaster. The type of polyester used in carpeting and rugs is more formally known as Polyethylene Terephthalate, a name often shortened to P.E.T. It was developed as an alternative to wool. Other than those, there are additional similarities between the two.
They both have excellent color and style options. Based on your preferences and taste, you can find the best one. They are both easy to clean and easy to maintenance. And also, flooring that can be replaced after using nylon or polyester. Both offer a nice-looking appearance and they both are soft and comfortable to the touch.
The Differences Between Nylon Fibers and Polyester Fibers
Before choosing a carpet for your home, your work environment or basically the area that you want to use carpet, you should be aware of the differences between polyester fibers and nylon fibers. It is not necessary to assume one better than the other, because neither is going to be a bad choice in their current iterations.
With all the variations of carpet types and brands available, it is best to ask questions to the salesman in the carpet store. The type of carpet fiber that you select will determine how long your new carpet lasts, how soft it feels, what colors are available, how easily it cleans and how much it costs. This is one of the most critical factors when choosing and comparing new carpet. So, we will compare nylon and polyester in terms of these features.
Cost: If you are thinking that cost is the most important factor for you to buy a new carpet, then the polyester carpet would be the main choice. The main reason for this is that polyester carpets are made from recycled materials. You can pay up to 50% less for polyester carpet than for nylon carpet.
Production: Both polyester and nylon are petroleum derivatives. On the other hand, hos they are produced provides insight into their relative cost and environmental friendliness. While nylon is an engineered fiber made in a factory from petroleum, the polyester used for carpet fiber is made from recycled P.E.T. products such as plastic soda bottles or plastic bags. Today, about 65% of the carpet produced is nylon, and the vast majority of the nylon is new. Thus, a few nylon carpets are appearing that are made from recycled nylon.
Softness: Polyester has an advantage in terms of softness compared to nylon carpets. Because what makes nylon durable and resilient lowers its marks in this category. If you want to buy a soft carpet to sink your toes into, P.E.T. polyester should be preferred.
Durability: Definitely nylon carpets are the best choice if you want to buy a high durability carpet. Nylon is a very hard material. That’s why it is a poor substitute for silk but a very durable material for carpet and rugs. When dirt gets into carpet, the sharp edges of the particles cut into the carpet fibers, eventually destroying them. The hardness level of nylon slows this process remarkably. In addition, nylon fibers have better bounce-back than polyester fibers. You might even feel its resistance when you stand on it. The fibers more readily return to an upright position. And it is a plus for choosing nylon carpet. Because when you move furniture, there has been no spot due to sitting in the same place for a long time. The mark which is left behind is easier to get rid of in nylon carpet.
Polyester carpets are not nearly as durable as nylon carpets. Dirt makes a more immediate negative impact on polyester carpets. Polyester is not resilient. So, the fibers of it tend to lay down when sitting on it or walking on.
Texture retention: It is the ability of carpet’s tufts to retain their visible shape, as measured by the degree of bursting, opening, or untwisting of the tufts at the surface of the carpet. There is good texture retention on nylon carpets. It enables the carpet to maintain its original appearance over time.
Stain Resistance: Both nylon and polyester are very resistant to stains. On the other hand, polyester might be a slightly better choice because nylon is more absorbent and liquids are harder to get rid of it.
- If you want to use a carpet in a high-traffic area of your home or your work or if it is a commercial application, nylon carpets would be a better choice. Because expect longevity of nylon carpet is 10 to 15 years.
- People who have a pet in their homes will do a bit better with polyester carpets. There are two reasons behind that. Polyester carpet is slightly more resistant to stains, and if the pets or pets’ odors destroy the carpet, polyester would be cheaper to replace.
- If the home is dry, then people should be beware of nylon carpet. Because static electricity builds up in nylon carpet more quickly than in polyester carpet, even though P.E.T polyester might lead to shocks too.
- There are some people who enjoy changing decoration. For those people changing their flooring more often to stay current with styles and colors and want to do it affordably, then polyester would be a better choice. The expectation to look good is about 5 to 10 years depending on the carpet’s quality and the use it receives.
- For people who concerned about the environment or if going green in your home or your work environment is important for you, then you can choose a polyester carpet. Because polyester carpet is made from recycled plastic drink bottles. A fraction of a rug may be composed of various recycled soft- drink bottles.
The Comparisons Between Other Types of Carpet Fibers
Some people think that there are only different brands of carpet and that there are not actually different types of materials. This is far from the truth, and there are four major types of fabrics that can be utilized when you are deciding to floor your home or anywhere you want to floor. These fibers are nylon, olefin, polyester, and wool.
As we mentioned above, the most common material which is used in carpet production is nylon. Because nylon is a durable synthetic material that is very resistant to spills and it is easily maintainable. For any sort of high use environment, nylon carpets are the one that usually preferred. The efficiency of nylon fiber has been trying to increase by laboratories, so that nylon becomes more durable and tougher, providing greater resistance to stains. These newer carpets are usually labeled as stain-resistant, and they come with better warranties and a higher price tag.
Olefin is another type of carpet fiber, which is also known as polypropylene. It is stain-resistant and resists any damage from moisture. It offers good stain and moisture resistance. As well, you can use heavy chemicals in order to clean them without ruining your carpet. Unfortunately, Olefin does not last as long as nylon carpeting, and you will usually see this type of carpeting in pool houses, basements, or other spaces that are not heavily used and that do not receive heavy foot traffic. It is best suited for loop pile construction or high, very dense cut piles.
The other type which is mentioned above is polyester. Polyester carpet ranks in strength between nylon carpet and olefin carpet and it has a very low price tag. This type of carpeting will not result in any set of allergy, it is resistant to insects and moisture, and it is very easy to clean. This type of carpet will frustrate some own homeowners because it piles, and it also is prone to shedding fibers.
It may be surprising but another type of carpeting material is wool. Even though wool carpeting is rarely used in most modern forms of carpeting due to its extremely high price, it is favored for its natural beauty. Thus, it usually has to be special ordered. On the other hand, wool carpeting has many positive attributes, including being soft, fire-resistant, dust resistant, and very rich in texture. It is not inherently resistant. Wool carpeting will never crush over time as other carpets will, but you will certainly pay a high price tag. In fact, it is quite difficult to find vendors of wool carpeting at all. It looks good for a long time and it is well constructed.
Whatever you are deciding to buy a carpet, you should keep in mind that you have plenty of choices and alternatives so you may want to think about what material of carpet you are going to buy so that you do not make the wrong decision.