Carpet tile is a preferred flooring material in recent years to decorate every area in interior spaces. Its contribution to decoration is more than wall-to-wall products, as it offers different layout options. Carpet tiles are especially used where there is intense activity.
For example, it is especially preferred in offices, bank branches, department stores, and places where raised floor material is used. Since it is applied in a practical way, it is possible to renew the product without disturbing the established order during the application. It is easy to clean. Parts that are not cleaned can be easily removed and replaced.
It is a durable and long-lasting product that does not wear easily. It increases efficiency in offices by making sound insulation. It is an anti-static, anti-allergic, and non-slip product. You can choose carpet tiles for soundproof, quality, and economical elegance.
Yarns Used in Carpet Tile Production
Yarn is the largest of the carpet’s main raw material inputs. Because the carpet is made of yarn. Each yarn has its own characteristics and carpets made of the right yarn should be selected according to the areas used.
You can use carpets produced with the appropriate yarn type for the area you will use for a longer time. The feeling of your carpet varies according to the pile height, but the important thing is not how high the pile is but choosing the appropriate pile height for the place to be used.
Another important factor is the yarn density. The more often a carpet is woven, the more durable it is. As a tightly woven carpet will be heavier than others, it will slide more difficult on the floor, but if you are going to buy a carpet with a low weaving density, you should be careful that it has a non-slip base feature.
Polyamide, the most popular yarn type today, is a type of yarn used in carpet tile production. Polyamide is a suitable product for the production of carpet tiles, as it is a material that is resistant to wear, flexible, resistant to the weight and movement of the furniture, and can also provide eye-catching colors. It has an antistatic, antibacterial, and anti-allergic structure that can hide stains and dirt. Due to its non-flammable structure, it enables the production of carpet tiles for all kinds of usage areas with low or heavy traffic. The lower part of the carpet is produced as PVC and bitumen flooring.
Another type of yarn used for carpet tile production is polypropylene. This type of yarn, which has excellent color clarity, can be easily cleaned and is also highly resistant to water-based stains, but its resistance to oil-based staining is weaker than polyamide. The lower part of the carpet is produced as PVC and bitumen flooring.
What Should We Pay Attention To When Laying Carpet Tiles?
Correct Carpet Tile Model and Size
Before starting the flooring, it should be ensured that the carpet is in color, design, and size suitable for the space concept.
The Ground Should Be Smooth
Carpet tiles can be laid on any kind of flat, dry, clean, solid, moisture-free, and non-protruding floor. If laying on an uneven floor, modular carpet tiles may not be installed flush.
Differences in Ground Should Be Corrected
Indentations and protrusions, cracks, expansion joints, hollows, cuts in the floor should be covered by patching with polymer reinforced concrete.
Floor Preparation by Applying Adhesive to the Floor
Before starting the flooring process, it should be applied to the whole floor with the help of the most suitable adhesive roller. Depending on the condition of the floor, it is necessary to wait between 10 and 25 minutes and start the laying process after the adhesive becomes transparent. Ambient temperature should be at least 15 degrees.
Placement Arrangement of Carpet Tiles
Attention should be paid to the arrow marks under the carpet tiles. The recommended flooring pattern for laying carpet tiles starts from the front of the door and after laying the area completely, it continues towards the middle of the room by going parallel to the main wall. Later, the parts to be laid sequentially should be moved from this point.
Carpet Tile Installation and Application
- Carpet tile applications may vary depending on the floor to be applied.
- It is an important issue that the experienced and knowledgeable personnel in the field carry out the installation phase in order to obtain the desired efficiency and to ensure long service life.
- A number of features such as experience, sufficient knowledge, and awareness of modern tile technologies should be sought for the personnel who will apply.
How to Apply Carpet Tile
First, you need to clean the residual threads on the carpet tiles. Thread residues may have remained on the front and back sides of the package. Then determine the laying method by looking at the arrows on the back of the carpet tiles. These arrows are specially placed by the manufacturers to make the patterns appear properly. You can apply different laying methods by adjusting the directions of these arrows.
Quality control standards should be adhered to in order to make an easy laying on carpet tiles and to maintain the quality of the product. In order to provide the best laying method, the laying instructions given below should be followed. Before starting laying, it should be checked whether the carpet is in the right type, color, and size according to the place to be used.
1. Environmental Conditions
The ambient temperature of the area where the carpet will be laid should be between 15 ° C and 30 ° C, and the humidity should be between 60% and 65%.
2. Ground Preparation
Carpet tiles can be laid on any kind of flat, dry, clean, solid, moisture-free, and non-protruding floor. It can also be used on floors with underfloor heating. However, in this case, the temperature should not exceed 20 ° C.
Tiled carpets should be laid on properly prepared and suitable floors, after the necessary conditions are met. All crevices and cracks, holes, bumps in the floor must be corrected to ensure a smooth, level, and uniform flooring. The floor should be smooth and free of any indentations or protrusions. If laying on an uneven floor, modular carpet tiles may not be flush. Indentations and protrusions, cracks, expansion joints, hollows, cuts in the floor should be covered by patching with polymer reinforced concrete.
The floor to be carpeted must be solid, clean, dry, and free from any paint, grease/oil, dust, dirt, or foreign material residues that prevent the carpet from sticking to the floor. If there are pieces of glue leftover from the previous flooring, these should be removed from the floor. However, care should be taken in the selection of the material to be used in removing the old glue pieces. Solvent-based removers that will cause problems when in contact with new glue should be avoided. It is not the responsibility of the glue or carpet manufacturer for errors caused by the dirty equipment used when removing the glue or the incorrect application of the described methods.
3. Laying the Carpet Tile
Carpet tiles should be brought to the floor area 24 hours in advance and the boxes should be opened to make it easier for the carpets to adapt to the environment. Before starting the flooring process, it is necessary to find the most suitable adhesive and apply it to the whole floor with the help of a roller. Depending on the condition of the floor, it is necessary to wait between 10 and 25 minutes. After the adhesive becomes transparent, the laying process should be started.
Ambient temperature should be at least 15 degrees. All tiles are made to be placed separately. Tiles should be laid close to each other and tightly. Attention should be paid to the arrows under the tiles during laying. The recommended flooring pattern for laying the tiles starts from the front of the door and after laying that area completely, it continues towards the middle of the room by going parallel with the main wall.
Later, the parts to be laid sequentially should be moved from this point. The amount of adhesive to be used should be adjusted according to the brightness, slipperiness, and condition of the floor.
4. Carpet Tiles Laying Models
- Checkerboard Model: Each tile will be laid 90 degrees facing with its side, and no tile will be in the same direction as the next one. It is the generally recommended flooring method.
- Brick Laying Model: Each tile is laid by sliding half a row. Since each row is shifted half a row from each other, there are never four corner points close to each other in this model.
- Broadloom Model: If smooth and uniform flooring is desired, all carpet tiles should be placed in the same direction. All arrows must point in the same direction. In this case, since the appearance of a flat carpet will appear and the joints will become apparent, the customer should be approved.
- Free Flooring Model: In this system, it is possible to lay as desired by using more than one colored tile carpet according to the taste and request of the user. A harmony and standard cannot be expected in this flooring.
5. General Information
It is not recommended to create excessive traffic on newly upholstered carpet or move/place furniture from 24 hours to 48 hours after the flooring is completed. In addition, cleaning operations with water or other materials in newly furnished spaces should be carried out at least 30 days after the installation is completed.
Newly furnished areas should be protected against stains, dirt, and paints by working extra after the laying is finished, if necessary. In this case, the carpet can be prevented from being damaged by covering the newly finished floors with a stain-proof paper material and tightly fastening the edges of the paper with tape.
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