It is very important to buy a carpet of suitable quality for the floor to be used. When choosing a carpet, you can learn the factors that affect the performance and quality of the carpet and therefore the price by using the information in the product brochure. It is possible to decide the appropriate carpet according to the values given in these brochures and the intensity of use of the floor on which the carpet will be laid.
In the brochures, the product’s durability for intensive use is generally evaluated out of 5. Carpets of 5-4 values should be preferred in places that are resistant to intensive use, and carpets of 3-2 values should be preferred in places where usage is less. Factors such as the softness of the carpet, resistance to abrasion, wrinkle density and felt are the criteria determining the quality of the carpet.
There are several factors affecting the price of a carpet. The main factors can be listed as follows:
- Squaremeters (area) of carpet
- Type of fiber used in carpet
- Being machine-made or hand-woven
- Texture of carpet
- Carpet pad
Carpet Area and Carpet Price
One of the most important factors affecting the price of carpet is the square meter of the carpet, that is, the dimensions of the carpet. The higher the square meter of carpet, the higher its price.
It is easy to calculate how many m2 of carpets are. When you first measure the width and then the length of your carpet, you can find out how many square meters your carpet is. For example; A carpet with a width of 2 meters and a length of 3 meters is 6 square meters. In general, the labels on the back of the carpets include carpet sizes; however, the label may have been removed or unreadable over time. In such cases, you can calculate the size of your carpet as above.
To calculate the square meter of the round carpet, we can multiply the diameter of our carpet by itself and learn the square meter of our carpet. The width and length of round carpets have the same size. For example, the diameter of our round rug 150cm, 150cm X 150cm = 2.25 m2 with it itself we can easily calculate the square meter of carpet.
Carpet Fiber Types and Their Effects on Carpet Prices
Fiber is the basic material of the carpet. The type of yarn used and the construction of the carpet are the most important features that determine the quality of a carpet. The importance of fiber-yarn in carpet selection in terms of individual consumer in general terms emerges in consideration of many factors such as abrasion-wear, staining, static electricity transportation, color alternatives, etc. There are a number of properties that distinguish carpet fibers from each other and make each one special, such as creating a warm atmosphere, cleanability, non-flammability or price. Depending on the fiber you choose and how much of this fiber is used in the carpet, your carpet will perform longer and maintain its appearance for longer.
There is much information to consider when choosing which fibers are right for you. For example, each fiber has different degrees of properties. Sometimes you can make a good and sometimes a bad choice. What we mean by the degree is the density of the fiber and the twist measure. In general, if the fiber is dense, this means that there are more loops per inch, and if the twist size is tight, your carpet will be better quality and last longer. The fibers are sometimes mixed together to give the best performance at the most affordable price. The fibers are divided into two types: natural fibers and synthetic fibers:
- Coconut Fiber (Coir)
- Polyamide (Nylon)
Most of the carpets we use today are produced with synthetic fibers. There are 4 basic types of synthetic fibers. These are Polyamide (Nylon), Polypropylene (PP), Polyester and Acrylic. These four types of synthetic yarns can be blended with each other as well as blended with wool and appear as alternative fiber types.
Synthetic Fibers Used in Carpet Making by Their Prices
- Polyamide (Nylon)
Today’s most popular yarn type, nylon is a material that is resistant to wear, flexible, resistant to the weight and movement of the furniture, and can also provide eye-catching colors. It is suitable for all kinds of usage areas with little or heavy traffic due to its structure that can hide stains and dirt. Among the synthetic fibers, polyamide is mostly used by wall-to-wall carpet manufacturers and is preferred in commercial areas as it is the most successful fiber in stain retention.
Nylon is a very good material considering its price. However, there is a higher risk of flammability compared to wool. Nylon fiber is often mixed with wool to further increase its abrasion resistance. Polyamide, also known as nylon, is a completely man-made fiber. It was first produced in 1938 and is frequently used in flooring materials. Blended with wool. 80% nylon 20% wool is the best blend. The advantage of polyamide compared to wool is that it can be dyed.
Polyamide carpets offer much more vivid colors compared to wool carpets and they can reduce the production costs due to their dyeability. However, the polyamide’s dyeing property, which seems to be an advantage, reduces its stain resistance. When choosing a polyamide carpet, you should take care to choose one that is treated against staining. It is mostly preferred in commercial installations because it maintains the best appearance of polyamide among man-made fibers.
Polyamide is a strong and abrasion-resistant material with 1700 carbon atoms, as well as other atoms such as nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. It shows excellent resistance to sunlight and mold. Polyamide has the best moisture absorption rate among polymer fibers. Thanks to its smooth micro surface, nylon resists much dirt and is easy to clean. However, it is quite vulnerable to staining due to its proximity to be dyed. Polyamide is an excellent choice for traffic-intensive areas with its long life and moisture resistance.
This type of yarn with excellent color clarity can be easily cleaned and is also highly resistant to water-based stains, but as with polypropylene, its resistance to oil-based stains is weaker than polyamide. Polyester is produced in the same way as Polyamide (Nylon) but is below the Polyamide (Nylon) in the wear resistance ranking. Polyester is a fiber that is not very flexible, hardness does not deteriorate when wet. The moisture absorption rate of polyester is much lower than other fiber types. For this reason, it can be easily used in outdoor carpets.
Polyester carpets show exceptional resistance to stains. Often you can see that the stain guarantee is much longer than nylon carpets. Polyester is composed of ethylene gases. Polyester is produced in the same way as nylon, but it is lower than Nylon in terms of wear resistance. Polyester is a fiber that is not very flexible. It has excellent resistance to sunlight and also does not deteriorate when wet. The moisture absorption rate of polyester is quite lower though. Polyester, like polypropylene, is a fiber that is very difficult to be dyed and, just like polypropylene, it immediately absorbs oil (unlike nylon). Polyester has very good heat resistance. Polyester is a type of fiber known for its striking colors and also has a natural resistance to fading. It is easy to clean and resistant to water-based stains.
- Polypropylene (PP)
Although known for its easy cleanability, polypropylene, also known as olefin, is less resistant to oil-based stains than polyamide. Polypropylene can be used both indoors and outdoors due to its moisture and mold resistance. Polypropylene yarn is also used in synthetic lawns used in outdoor sports grounds and in playrooms in homes or nurseries. Polypropylene, which is much cheaper than the other three fibers, has a much dull color compared to other carpets due to its resistance to dyeing. It is also more inadequate in terms of preserving the original appearance. Being anti-static is an advantage of polypropylene.
When staining is considered, polypropylene is one of the best. The polypropylene solution is a dyed fiber, which means that the color goes directly into the fiber. In many cases, polypropylene carpets can resist strong chemicals such as bleach.
This low heat resistant fiber can be deformed at low temperatures. It shrinks at high temperatures. Polypropylene, which is not affected by water, is moderate to alkali and acids, bleaches and thinners. However, if exposed to chemicals for a long time, the quality of the fiber may deteriorate. Polypropylene is resistant to many solvents. It is resistant to sunlight. Being easy to clean as well as moisture and mold resistance are the reasons why polypropylene is widely used indoors and outdoors. It is also used as artificial sports field grass.
Acrylic is a type of fiber that can give the appearance and feel of wool with its structure, it is resistant to mildew and has high sunlight resistance. The abrasion resistance is not as high as Polyamide (Nylon). It has a water-loving structure compared to polypropylene and polyester. Acrylic’s performance in stain repellency is lower than other fiber types. However, it is more resistant to color than polypropylene. Due to its structure that allows coloring, and the similar texture to Wool Carpet, which has an important place in Classical Carpet Culture, the whole production line from the fiber stage to the final carpet is realized by industrial facilities. Acrylic Fiber is mainly used in the machinery due to the abundance of raw materials and low cost. In other words, this fiber type is used extensively by carpet manufacturers.
Acrylic fibers are produced from methane. Acrylic, which is a synthetic product to replace wool, has medium hardness. Abrasion and sunlight resistance properties of acrylic fibers are quite good, but acrylic has little flexibility. It has a water-loving structure compared to polypropylene and polyester. It is resistant to heat and mineral acids as well as cold alkali solutions. Hot alkaline solutions fade the color of the fiber, while bleaches and thinners have little effect. It is a kind of fiber that can give wool look and feel with its acrylic structure. The only weakness of acrylic is that it cannot withstand much in areas with heavy traffic, so they cannot be used in all areas.
Natural Fibers Used in Carpet Making by Their Prices
Wool is probably the oldest carpet fiber. It feels comfortable and has excellent handling capacity. However, wool is not very useful considering dirt and stains. There is also the case that the majority of carpets made of wool fibers are expensive. All this is one of the reasons why wool fiber usage decreases day by day. Wool is also known for keeping the appearance at its best. This means that wool will retain its original appearance over a long period of time compared to other fibers. Wool naturally has anti-static properties. Wool with many advantages is known as the longest-lasting fiber. However, all these advantages make wool much more expensive than other fibers.
Wool, which is the most qualified fiber known in carpet production, sets a standard in the comparison of carpet fibers. Wool which has very good abrasion resistance is therefore durable and also flexible. Wool, which is a fiber that shows high resistance to flame, does not produce static energy. The performance of wool fibers in Stain Protection is high as in polyamide fibers. However, the cost of wool fibers is quite high compared to other types of fibers due to its softness and comfort, and high performance in durability.
Silk carpet is among the most special woven carpet types compared to other carpet types. Therefore, silk carpet prices vary according to the weaving on the carpet. These carpets are produced by using a special yarn. In order for the carpet to be a silk carpet, it must be woven from a quality yarn with silk content and on a special loom. In addition, woven silk carpet without any additives is the most valuable carpet type. The value of the carpet woven with pure silk yarn is greater. Especially carpets woven by hand are the types of carpets that are more valuable in terms of both hand workmanship and price. Silk carpets are woven in many regions of the world. Although the type of carpet weaving on handicraft is few, it continues to be woven in some regions.
Silk carpet is a type of carpet that is woven with more labor than other carpet types. Carpet weaving techniques include weaving techniques known as double loops and single loops. These techniques are determined according to the suitability of the pattern card of the carpet. If there is density in the pattern of the carpet to be woven, carpet weaving is done by selecting one of these weaving techniques. However, it is more preferable to weave the carpet as a double knot and to cut the excess with hand scissors in order to use the carpet for a longer period. Carpet knife and hand scissors are among the apparatus used during carpet weaving.
- Coconut Fiber (Coir)
Coconut fiber, which is generally used as the backing material, is sometimes used on the surface of flat-woven rugs. This fiber, which is used in small mats and rugs, is obtained from coconuts and resembles sisal in terms of its properties.
Jute is actually a plant species. It especially loves tropical climates and is grown abundantly in countries such as India, Pakistan. It has spread to the world from this geography. It is used in different fields in many countries. There are bags, accessories and, of course, carpet models that are made of jute fibers, which can be easily processed and that are adopted all over the world.
The fact that they are disappearing in nature one hundred percent increases the current demand for the products obtained by using jute plants. In different geographies of the world, the processed form of this special plant variety, which does not lose its natural brightness even after being processed, is also called as golden fiber. And recently, these types of carpets made of gold fiber are increasingly seen in the living areas. Because jute carpet models adapt to almost any decoration concept. A modern or classic approach does not affect their use in decoration. Jute carpet models can be found in different decoration styles such as classic, modern, minimal, maximalist, country, Mediterranean or eclectic style. Their natural structure and natural appearance make them one of the top choices.
Jute carpet models often stand out with the colors of relaxing earth tones. These carpet models, which often take on light colors with earthy colors and cream tones, come to the forefront on dark floors. Therefore, they become the architect of the contrast that the ones who prefer dark colors in their floorings want to create in different places of their living spaces.
Also, the fact that jute carpet models are obtained directly from a natural plant, do not be fooled by the durability of these carpets. Jute carpets are extremely suitable for long-lasting use with their highly durable structures. For this reason, you can use them with peace of mind in the heavily used corridors or living rooms of your living spaces.
The above-mentioned fiber types can be mixed with each other in different ratios. When wool and polyamide (nylon) are used together, a more beautiful appearance is obtained and the comfort of wool and long life of polyamide (nylon) are combined and alternative products can be developed according to these mixing ratios. Acrylic and Polypropylene or nylon and polypropylene are also very common combinations. However, the common property of these compositions is their resistance to staining. The proportions of these blends and the properties of the fibers used in the blend are the most important elements in determining the properties of the new products.
Hand Weaving or Machine Made: The Effect of Production Type on the Carpet Price
Machine carpets are not actually made by knotting. The wool fibers are put into the carpet by machine and then the back of the carpet is reinforced with latex. This gives a hard texture and diagonal stripes to the back of the carpet. It is possible to see the pattern of a hand-woven carpet in the form of small rows of knots on the back of the carpet. Creating this design by knotting one knot at a time makes the carpet look more intricate and therefore it takes a longer time to make such carpets than for a machine-made carpet. The result is a better density and higher quality and a tighter fabric to be provided on the carpet. However, there are many types of hand-woven carpets according to quality.
One of the fastest developing categories is found between hand-woven carpets and machine-made carpets. This category is defined as handgun-tufting. The “handgun” crosses the yarn diagonally into the carpet and then the back of the carpet is covered with latex or fabric filling. This process takes less time than hand-woven but gives a hand-made appearance. To understand that a carpet is a quality hand-woven, one should look at the quality of wool. The length, elasticity, and brightness of the wool fiber are very important. The thickness of a carpet does not matter in determining the quality of the carpet. When looking behind the rug, note the following. The pattern of the carpet should be clear from the front. A carpet that is less pronounced when viewed from the back of the pattern is not a tightly woven carpet. Good nodes indicate higher quality.
The higher the number of knots per square centimeter, the more effort has been spent to make the carpet, which makes the rug a better quality piece. A well-woven carpet has more than 180 hand-knots per cm2. A skilled weaving craftsman can make 800 knots per hour. (The construction of a 9×12 rug takes 3500 working hours, which corresponds to approximately 16 months of work, including weekends.) Species such as double-use rugs and durry fall into the group of plain fabrics. These species are very suitable for kitchens and entrance parts of the house which is used extensively.
The same hand-woven carpet may have more than one shade darker or lighter than where you put it. This is due to the fibers in front of the weaver when the carpet is woven. That is why the direction of the piece carpets, whether patterned or not, varies. Needlework carpets are very beautiful, but should not be used in the house where foot traffic is too high.
There are new types of carpets that are very colorful and fun, and most of these carpets are also suitable for the most used places in the house. When buying a carpet, select the carpet by color because the colors determine whether the carpets are used directly on a hard floor or on a wall-to-wall carpet. Taking wallpapers and fabric swatches and looking at how they stand in the room’s décor can be a good step to create an eye-pleasing home. Before you buy, look at the carpet outside the store because the light in your home and the light in the store may be different and you may not be satisfied with the color of the carpet you take when you take it home.
Antique carpets are very different from the carpets we step on every day in our house. They are at least as valuable as a Picasso painting. Let us hear what Dede Moore has to say about antique carpets, which are found in astronomical figures in the most famous auctions in the world. Dede Moore, an expert on old and ancient carpets answers the question “How do you know that a carpet is antique?” like this: “Old carpets were made with the materials at hand. Among these materials, there were vegetable dyes. Today’s carpets are made with chrome paint which is used in garments as well. Chromium paint brings out brighter and lighter colors where herbal paints make carpets more beautiful by creating shades.”
Carpet Texture (Pile) and Its Effect on the Price
After thoroughly examining other factors, we can now examine the types, properties, and performances of carpets. There are three basic carpet piles: cut pile, loop pile and cut & loop (relief). In cut pile carpets, fibers are collected at the top of the carpet surface. The pile depth varies from short and straight to long and shaggy. If hard bending fibers are used, a firm and hard texture are formed on the carpet. By cutting the fibers, a carved appearance can be obtained.
Cut pile is used in Axminster, Wilton or tufted carpets. In loop pile carpets, the fibers are left uncut and a loose and shaggy or firm and hard surface can be obtained, depending on the length and type of the fiber. Generally used in Wilton type and tufted carpets. Such carpets prevent the formation of footprints. The different lengths of the fiber loops provide a carved appearance. In cut and frizzy pile carpets with a carved appearance, only certain loops can be cut to ensure they are of the same length on the carpet surface. Carpet pile must be flexible and sufficient density in order to provide full performance in heavy traffic areas. The quality of the carpet is determined by the density of the fiber and the loop.
- Cut Pile Carpets
Cut pile carpets are made of ready-made fiber. Polypropylene, polyamide, polyester, acrylic, or wool yarns are woven using the needling method. A soft and flexible surface is formed by cutting the pile with a knife on the woven cloth. The back surface of the woven material at a given pile height is coated with adhesive, and then the textile base also called the second base, is laminated and bonded. The quality is reflected in the price.
- Loop Pile Carpets
Loop pile carpets are produced by needling by using polypropylene and polyamide yarns made from ready-made fibers. The back surface of the woven product at a certain pile height, which is processed by the needle entering and leaving the cloth, is coated with adhesive. Then, the protective coating is laminated and bonded. They are more economical compared to the cut pile carpets.
- Cut And Loop Pile Carpets
It provides a pattern on the same surface of the cut end and the uncut end of the rope. They are produced using polyester, polypropylene and polyamide yarns on computerized machines with the needling method that provides pattern formation. As the needles come in and out of the woven cloth, the cut and non-cut end threads are woven at different pile heights and the difference in shaved yarn tone adds a different air to the carpet. The back surface of the woven product is coated with adhesive, then the protective coating is laminated and bonded. Aestheticism is reflected in the price.
Effect of Carpet Pad on the Carpet Price
The carpet pads have a wide range of purposes, such as creating a more pleasant feeling in the carpet and providing extra insulation against heat loss. In addition, the pads protect carpets from dust, dirt, and moisture. They also provide soundproofing in the room and protect the carpet against premature wear. In the selection we make on carpet pads, we pay attention to similar features in carpet selection; durability, flexibility, and longevity. The price of a carpet with a higher quality pad is also higher. Today there are three different types of carpet pads to choose from. These are felt carpet pads, foam carpet pads, and rubber carpet pads, respectively.
- Felt Carpet Pads
The felt carpet pads which were our only choice in the past are manufactured by pinning fibers such as jute and wool or their blends into hemp cloth. This method is used to create a dense and solid pad. These pads, which are not much demanded due to new products emerging today, are rarely seen in some carpet installations.
- Foam Carpet Pads
Foam pads are available in two different types: primer polyurethane and composite polyurethane. The most demanded compound from these two types of pads is polyurethane ones. These pads are produced by bonding polyurethane chips to obtain flat, multi-colored sheets. The cheaper the foam used, the softer the structure will be, and therefore will not provide the necessary protection and durability to the carpet.
- Rubber Pads
Rubber pads are made of natural sponge rubber with hemp cloth support. This material, the most expensive pad known, provides all the requirements for quality work. With their properties such as durability, resistance, and flexibility, rubber pads can be used for many years.
Most Affordable Carpets That You Can Buy Online
- ACTCUT Super Soft Indoor Modern Shag Area Silky Smooth Fur Rugs Fluffy Rugs Anti-Skid Shaggy Area Rug Dining Room Home Bedroom Carpet Floor Mat 4- Feet by 5- Feet (Grey) (Price: $26.99)
- Modern Shaggy Area Rug Pad| Ultra Soft, Luxury Carpet for Home, Bedroom, Living Room, Bathroom/Toilet| Grey, 39.3 x 39.3 Size, | Plush, Decorative Footcloth/Floor Cover/Play Mat by Amy & Delle (Price: $16.39)
- YJ.GWL High Pile Velvet Bedroom Bedside Rug (31″ x 63″), Extra Soft & Easy Clean Shaggy Area Rugs, Plush Carpet for Kids Room Decor, Grey-Purple Oval (Price: $18.99)
- Noahas Ultra Soft 4.5cm Velvet Bedroom Rugs Kids Room Carpet Modern Shaggy Area Rugs Home Decor 2.6′ X 5.3′, Gray (Price: $19.69)
- LEEVAN Faux Wool Area Rug 2 x 3 ft Traditional Rectangle Throw Runner Rug Non-Slip Backing Soft Wool Floor Carpet for Sofa Living Room Bedroom Modern Accent Home Decor (Price: $19.99)