Before the 1950s, people were using carpet nails on carpets and furniture made or installed before. Stapes were introduced around those years and until those times carpet nails were used. The transition from tacks to staples was gradual. It is also worth mentioning that many carpet fitters start to use gripper rods and staples instead of nailing tacks directly into the carpet.
Carpet nail (carpet tacks): It is a small, sharp nail or pin. It is used to affix carpets to a floor. It usually has a flat head, a shaft, and a pointed end. It is typically stayed into and around the edges of a carpet in order to place and secure it in place.
An upholstery tack: It is a similar sharp nail, pin or stud. It is used for mostly upholstery materials to hold together with furniture. For decorative purposes, it is also useful.
A gripper rod: It is a thin piece of wood. Even though you can different sizes, it is typically between 1-2 meters in length and 3 cm wide. It is used to secure carpets in place. It is ideal for almost any carpet laying, installation and replacement job.
Once when you have decided to install a carpet, you will need to install carpet laying tacks. They are ideal for fixing carpets to floorboards, as well as stretching fabric onto the wood. They are strips of wood that are designed to hold a carpet in place so that you don’t have to nail the carpet directly to the floor.
Before installing carpet tacks, there are some tasks you need to complete. You need to be sure that the floor you are going to work on it should be clean. Then, time to start your work and use carpet tacks. Especially for wall-to-wall carpeting, carpet tack strips are very important. They should be installed around the edges of the room in order to leave a space about the width of your fingers between the baseboard and the edge of the strip.
After insertion, you can continue the position of the strips with the strip side facing up. You must make sure that the arrows on the carpet surface are facing the wall. You need to check whether the nails are angled towards the wall. Then, after making all the adjustments, cut the carpet adhesive strips if they fit in the room. You should start the process from the corner and work around obstacles. You should pay attention to the nails at the bottom of the strips. Hammer the nails into the ground and make sure there are at least two nails for each strip.
Usually, there is a carpet pad under the carpets and it is placed on this carpet pad without you having to do anything. All you have to do is to decide to set up your carpet and open it, then it needs to be glued. Carpet covering should grip the edges of the carpet from the carpet pad. Next, you need to press firmly on the carpet. You do not need to use a hammer at this stage. Thus, the nails hold the carpet in place, they will not break or twist. Once the nails hold the carpet and bend the tips, the nails won’t stick to your feet while walking on your carpet.
Types of Carpet Nails/ Tacks
Depending on how you want to use and what the purpose is to use carpet nails, types vary. You can use the proper type according to your need and your budget.
Round wire nail: They are used for when strength is very essential such as rough carpentry. In those situations, appearance is not as important as strength. You will get the benefit from its power. Sizes vary from 20 mm to 150 mm. They are mostly used for very rough and heavy-duty woodwork, again when the strength is very important. They can be used for general-purpose fixing as well as the construction of roof trusses and pallets.
Oval wire nail: They are mostly suitable for joinery work. Opposite to round wire nail, when you want to use oval ones, appearance is very important. Because it is easy to install and it can easily be punched to the surface. They are used for joinery and flooring in order to avoid splitting the wood. They are less likely to split the wood if driven in with the longer sides parallel to the grain. Sizes vary from 12 mm to 150 mm.
Round/lost head nail: They are stronger than oval wire nails. They are used when concealment is required. They are also used in the places where using round plain headed nails would split the wood. They can easily be punched below the surface of the wood. They are ideal in order to use indoor jambs, floorboards and skirting boards. Sizes vary from 12 mm to 150 mm.
Tack: It is a short nail with a wide and flathead. People usually prefer this type when they want to install their carpets. It is used for fixing carpets to floorboards and for stretching fabric onto the wood. They are installed around the perimeter of the room before the padding is laid down. Be careful during the installation process. The angled pins on the tack strip must bend towards the wall. Because of the fact that when the carpet is fitted over the bent pins, the angle of the bend on the pin prevents the carpet from slipping off the pins.
Panel pin: They are round and lightweight nails. They are used for cabinet-making and for fixing small moldings into place as well. They are handy and easy to use type.
Cut floor brad nails: Their shape is different from others. They are rectangular in shape. They have an L-shaped head. Often they are used to nail the floorboards to the beams. Dimensions range from 25mm to 150mm.
Masonry nail: They are made of hardened steel. This kind of nail is used in order to fix wood to brick, breeze block, and most types of masonry. They are hardened nails. They are used in order to fix objects to brick walls. These nails have grooved shafts that cling to the brick joint masonry to prevent loosening and coming out.
Square twisted nail: They are twisted into the wood. These are more expensive than other types. They offer a more permanent installation.
Annular nail: These are very useful where very strong joints are required in your installation. The sharp ridges around the shank become embedded in the wood to give a tight grip. They separate the wood fibers, and then the fibers lock back into the rings which resist removal. These are mostly used in softer woods installations. They are also used for drywall or deck board applications because of the pullout resistant feature of the annular rings on the nail shank.
Cloat head nail: They are made of galvanized steel. They have a large and flat retaining head. They are the most suitable type for installation on soft materials.
Spring-head roofing nail: These are used to fix any material to the timber, mostly to fix the corrugated layer to the timber. Includes twisted handle and reverse head. These features make them a good purchase.
Corrugated fastener: They are used for reinforcing a weak wood joint. They can be also used for securing mitered or butt joints in rough framing.
Cut clasp nail: They have a rectangular shape and thanks to this characteristic, they are difficult to remove and they provide a very strong fixing in wood and pre-drilled masonry. Sizes vary from 25 mm to 150 mm.
Hardboard nail: They have a diamond-shaped head. The head is virtually hidden when hammered into hardboard. They are designed to be barely seen once hammered fully into hardboard. Dimensions vary from 9 mm to 38 mm.
Sprig: They are small nails without heads. They are used mainly in order to hold the glass. They are used in sensitive work. You can use them in your window frames before placing a glass. Sizes vary from 12 mm to 19 mm.
Upholstery nail: It is possible to find different finishes according to your need. Also, various head sizes are available according to your needs. They are used as secondary fixing materials. They have a different shaped head. That head gives a decorative finish to your work, for example, when nailing chair coverings into place. They have two main purposes for usages. These purposes are to hold together padding and furniture and to add decorative accents to your decor. Most of them are made for indoor use, so we can say that they are not rust-resistant.
Staple: They are u-shaped round wire nails with two points. These points provide enough length to hold the wire in position. You have to staple the carpet one step at a time, as you lay the carpet. You can place staples at the edge of the carpet rather than the padding.
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