What Are the 3 Basic Styles of Carpet: A Mini Guide About Carpet Styles

It is always mentioned that carpet selection is difficult and that the right steps must be taken while choosing. People who pay attention to the color and pattern of the carpet while buying it sometimes question whether it is an easy-to-clean carpet. However, there are also different factors that should be considered in carpets. Pile height is also one of the factors to be considered when buying carpets. Carpets are divided into 3 basic styles according to their pile heights. So what are these 3 basic styles of carpet?

The 3 basic styles of carpet are loop pile carpets, cut pile carpets, and cut & loop pile carpets. Loop pile carpets are a type of carpet that consists of loops with an uncut pile surface. On the other hand, the texture of cut pile carpets has a surface consisting of cut pile yarns. Finally, cut and loop pile carpets consist of a combination of cut-end pile yarns and loops. Let’s take a closer look at 3 basic carpet styles as well as other carpet styles according to several important parameters.

3 Basic Carpet Styles: Cut Pile, Loop Pile, Cut & Loop Pile

  • Loop Pile Carpets

These are carpets with non-cut ends that are formed using mostly polypropylene and polyamide yarns, produced from ready-made fiber, by the needling method. The back surface of the product, which is woven at a certain pile height, is covered with an adhesive (latex calcite mixture).

Then the protection coating (such as the II. base action back or textile base, felt base) is laminated and adhered. All of the carpets produced in this way are called loop pile carpets. Examples are plain loop pile, patterned loop pile, scroll loop pile, printed loop pile, etc. The standard width used is 400 cm, and the length is between 25 m and 30 m.

  • Cut Pile Carpets

When producing cut pile carpets, polypropylene, polyamide, polyester, acrylic, and wool threads made of ready-made fiber yarns are cut with a knife, using the needle punching method, and when the needle goes in and out of the weaving cloth, a soft and flexible surface is created. The back surface of the material woven at a certain pile height is coated with an adhesive (latex, calcite), then the textile base, also called the 2nd floor, is laminated and adhered as a protective coating. All of the carpets produced in this way are also called cut pile carpets. The standard width used is 400 cm, and the length is between 25 m and 30 m.

  • Cut & Loop Pile Carpets

Carpets having the pattern formation of the cut-end yarn and the uncut-end yarn on the same surface are called cut and loop pile carpets. It is the name given to carpets that provide self-pattern formation by needling method using mostly polyester, polypropylene, and polyamide yarns, which are ready-made yarn types produced with computerized machines. Cut and non-cut-end threads are woven at different pile heights by the needles coming in and out of the woven cloth. The difference in the tone of the shaved surface and the unshaved yarn adds a different atmosphere to the carpet.

The back surface of the woven product is coated with an adhesive (latex calcite mixture), then the protection coating (such as the II. base action back or textile base) is laminated and adhered. These are products known as cut and loop carpets. The high pile part is the cut pile, the lower part is the uncut loop pile. The standard width used is 400 cm, and the length is between 25 m and 30 m.

Basic Carpet Styles by Fiber Types

The material from which the carpets are produced determines both comfort and durability. There are many types of carpets according to their material. Here are carpet styles by fiber types:

  • Wool Carpet

It is called wool carpet because it is usually produced from sheep’s wool. Since sheep wool fibers are quite flexible, they are resistant to pulling and are not easily damaged. It is a type of carpet that can be used for many years. Thanks to the oil called lanolin in sheep’s wool, it does not stain easily. It is more costly than synthetic carpet types such as polyester.

Wool carpets are more expensive than other carpets because they are made of wool, which is a natural yarn type. Since they are resistant to abrasion, they can be used easily in areas with high general use such as living rooms. They are resistant to fire. It is necessary to pay special attention to the cleaning of this type of carpet, which is difficult to use compared to other types of carpets against stains.

Apart from this, they can create a wool problem and this problem can be overcome by brushing, vacuuming, or washing the carpet. In addition, we do not recommend that users with allergic problems use woolen carpets.

  • Silk Carpet

It has a shiny and smooth appearance. It offers comfort with its soft texture. It is much shorter-lived than wool. Due to its delicate structure, it can be placed in areas such as libraries instead of frequently used rooms such as living rooms. It is a type of carpet with a higher price compared to wool.

  • Cotton Carpet

The fact that it is among the carpet types that can be washed in the machine, even if it stains, makes the cotton carpet highly preferred. It is a type among the kitchen carpet models because it can be cleaned easily. However, it is not very durable. It can fall into the category of cheap carpet when compared to silk and wool carpet.

  • Acrylic Carpet

It is produced from synthetic fiber named acrylic. There are models with different colors and patterns. It is one of the budget-friendly carpet options. One of the long-lasting carpet types is acrylic carpets. This type of carpet is similar to wool carpet in terms of softness and comfort. Acrylic carpets, which are cheaper than wool carpets, are one of the most preferred carpet types.

Wooling problems can also be seen on acrylic carpets that stain less. Acrylic carpets are considered the most useful and preferred carpet type as living room carpets, as they are resistant to abrasion. It is a type of carpet woven with acrylic, a type of synthetic yarn. It is the type of yarn that is closest to wool among acrylic synthetic products. It is the type of carpet that best reflects the technical characteristics and feeling of wool. In addition to the softness of the wool, it also provides the fullness of it to the person walking on it in the best way.

It is durable. In terms of price, it is more attractive than wool carpets. In addition, felting, which is one of the biggest problems of wool carpets, is resistant to wear and tear over time. Doesn’t mold. It is easy to clean. It makes less staining. It can be used on wet surfaces. In addition to all these good aspects, acrylic carpet is a synthetic carpet type. It carries a risk of feathering. Vacuuming should be done over time. One of the biggest problems is the risk of allergies.

  • Bamboo Carpet

It is produced from natural fibers obtained from the bamboo plant. It has a soft structure and a shiny appearance. It is preferred as a children’s room carpet because it has antibacterial properties. The bamboo carpet is a delicate type of carpet that needs attention. It is easily worn out and has a high risk of deformation if not used carefully. In addition, bamboo carpet is very difficult to clean. You may need to give it to the carpet cleaning company. Bamboo carpet is antibacterial. It is also highly resistant to water and humidity.

  • Leather Carpet

It is produced from sheep or bovine skin. Like wool carpets, leather carpets are resistant to staining thanks to their oily structure. Leather carpet, which is also resistant to water, is one of the durable carpet types. The disadvantage of leather carpet is that it requires regular maintenance.

  • Chenille Carpet

Chenille means caterpillar in French. Chenille carpet also has a shiny and three-dimensional appearance similar to caterpillar leather. It is produced from a combination of natural fibers such as cotton, silk, and synthetic fibers. Its durability varies depending on the material from which it is made.

  • Polyester Carpets

One of the biggest reasons for choosing polyester carpets, which is another long-lasting carpet type, is that they do not hold liquid stains, are water-resistant and easy to clean, and can reflect different color varieties vividly. You can buy them at more affordable prices compared with wool and acrylic carpets.

It is a durable and soft, easy-to-clean, stain- and wear-resistant carpet type woven using synthetic polyester yarn. Polyester carpet is a synthetic carpet. Therefore, it may carry the risk of allergies. There is a high risk of pilling. It can cause you to experience synthetic electrification. It is resistant to physical conditions such as crushing and bending.

It has a medium weight. It is more affordable than nylon carpets. Due to the resistance to moisture in the cleaning process, you may need to put some effort into the detergent to penetrate. It has a wide range of colors. For this reason, it is very successful in creating colorful and moving carpet patterns.

  • Polyamide (Nylon) Carpets

Polyamide carpets, which are resistant to wear, are stain-resistant and easily cleaned. It has glossy structures and polyamide is among the fibers used quite often in carpet production. It is a durable and long-lasting synthetic carpet type woven using polyamide yarn. It is highly resistant to moisture, humidity, and mildew. It stains less and is very easy to clean.

Thanks to its flexible structure, it is not affected much by the load on it, so it is durable in taking the trace of the structure on it. In addition to having a wide color scale, polyamide yarn is a type of carpet that has colorful and lively patterns with a vivid appearance. Polyamide carpet might be a little more expensive than other products due to its colorful and lively appearance. For this reason, it is generally used in wall-to-wall carpet models.

  • Polypropylene Carpets

Polypropylene carpets are very cheap as they are produced with the cheapest yarn type. They do not stain, they are among the carpets that are easily cleaned. In addition, they quickly stain and reveal the footprints of the furniture placed on them. They are not heat resistant.

Knowing that they are short-lived, you can use your choice for these carpets. They are not carpets that will be used for a long time in terms of construction. The advantages of these carpets are that they are affordable, they remove less dust from wool carpets and they have a structure that can be easily stained.

  • Viscose Carpets

It is produced from artificial fibers such as viscose and polyamide. However, its appearance is similar to carpets made from natural fibers such as cotton and wool. Stain and moisture-resistant synthetic carpet types are available.

  • Latex Carpets

It is a base material obtained with natural rubber. The place of use in the carpet is due to the emergence of non-slip carpet when it is used on the back of the carpet. Natural latex is a material that wears out easily. For this reason, Latex materials obtained from PVC are more preferred today. It is the type of carpet to be preferred on floors with a risk of slipping.

Basic Carpet Styles by Production Method

Today, many brands play a role in the production of carpets and rugs in various typologies to meet alternative requirements. In this way, we encounter various variations in carpet production. However, from the widest perspective, it is possible to talk about 2 groups of carpets, which are used as a covering system for floors and complementary elements of decorations in homes, residences, workplaces, and private areas. These are hand-woven rugs and machine rugs.

Hand Woven Carpets

Handwoven carpets have been taking place for years as a high-budget program. These weavings, which have a very labor-intensive production process with different knot types and patterns, also draw attention with their visual aesthetic structure. Handwoven carpets are also divided into different groups within themselves. This classification is as follows;

  • Antique rugs
  • New production carpets

The use of different yarns in hand-woven carpets is on the agenda. The most striking typology here is the carpet types produced with the use of silk. Silk is a very precious material. On the other hand, the production of carpets from silk material points to a difficult process. These kinds of carpets, which are valuable and valuable in every way, will gain even higher quality, especially when they are included in the scope of antiques. The most important feature of hand-woven carpets is the knot type. The knot types used in these carpets, which are produced by arranging the warp threads side by side, are;

  • Turkish Knot (Symmetric Knot)
  • Iranian Knot (Asymmetric Knot)

These hand-made carpets, which are included in special production programs, are produced with yarns called wool, silk, and rayon. These types, which promise a very stylish and high-quality visual presentation by compressing the rows of loops formed by knots, are more expensive than other carpet types.

Machine Made Carpets

Machine carpets include many different models when the yarn used, motif orientation, and product quality is taken into account. In addition, these carpets have a wide range according to the road map followed in production, the use of paint, and local characteristics. The factors affecting the quality and visual gains in carpets can be exemplified as follows:

  • Warp
  • Loop
  • Scarf
  • Pile
  • Chain
  • Bordure
  • Pattern
  • Edge weave
  • Ground

By observing the patterns on the handmade carpet, we can understand whether the carpet is woven by machine or by hand. It is very unlikely that the patterns on the hand-woven carpet are 100% the same. The patterns have unique lines in different parts of the carpet. Patterns in handmade carpets are irregular. When you turn the back of the handmade carpets, you can see that the patterns are not different from each other and are not symmetrical.

When you look at the overlock part on the edges, you can understand that it is made by hand by carefully examining it. This is different for machine carpets. Each of the patterns on the carpet is flawless and identical to the other. Patterns are symmetrical with each other. When you turn the backside, perfection prevails. In addition, it is quite obvious that the overlock part on the edges was made by the machine.

Carpets are classified according to different criteria. Usage areas and purpose also play an important role in this classification. The main classification of these products, which are categorized as floor mats, saddlebag rugs, pillow rugs, and floor rugs, is as follows:

  • According to the production schedule
  • According to raw material type
  • According to the area to be used
  • According to pattern and motif knitting

Basic Carpet Styles by Usage Area

Different styles of carpets are used in different areas of the house. For example, the pattern and texture of the carpet used in the living room will not be the same as that of the carpet used in the kitchen. Every room in the house has its own unique use and needs.

  • Living Room Rugs

Furniture, decoration products, curtains, and carpets in the living room are carefully selected. Because a lot of time is spent in these areas and guests are hosted. Visuality has a certain importance for every person. In addition to visuality, it is also important that the products are useful and of high quality. Furniture, curtains, wall color, and patterns should be considered when choosing a carpet for the living room.

If you have multi-patterned household items, you can use your choice of carpet for simplicity. If you have plain furniture, you can add movement to your living area by choosing patterned carpets. In the past, very large carpets were preferred in homes, especially in living areas. This situation is different today than in the past. Smaller carpets have begun to be widely used in homes.

  • Dining Room Carpets

If the section where you eat is in the living room, you can use the same or similar carpet that you use in the sitting group. Dimensions to include tables and chairs should be preferred. One of the points to be considered when choosing a carpet for the dining room is to choose carpets that are easy to clean and resistant to stains.

  • Bedroom Rugs

When deciding on the size of the carpet, the dimensions of the room and the bed should be taken into account. Carpet color can be chosen as one tone lighter or one tone darker than the color frequently used in the room.

  • Kids Room Carpets

For the children’s room, easy-to-clean, stain-proof, anti-bacterial carpets should be preferred. You can choose soft carpets on which your children can play comfortably. It is also important that the base of the carpet you will use in this area is non-slip.

  • Bathroom Rugs

Choosing a carpet for your bathroom may seem like a task that doesn’t require much thought at first. But the carpet you choose can actually play a huge role in shaping the entire look of your room and keeping your family safe. In general, when choosing a bath mat, it is important to consider color, size, material, durability, maintenance, and additional safety features.

Since the bathroom is the area that comes into contact with water the most, it is an important detail that the carpet you choose is non-slip. From the smallest to the largest, you should pay attention to the non-slip structure of the product in order to step safely on bathroom carpets and mats.

In general, you need to choose a bath mat that matches the style, colors, and mood of the bathroom. If you want to try something other than solid colors, you can also choose geometric or floral patterns. Slogan mats with written messages, digital prints, and abstract patterns also add vitality to your bathroom.

Checking the material of the bathroom rug is one of the necessary criteria for its maintenance and use. Placing lightweight cotton bath mats around the toilet or sink will make your feet feel warm. Carpet models consisting of thick, plush, and silky textures with classic borders are among the other options that make you feel soft.

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Savaş Ateş

I'm a software engineer. I like history and reading about carpets. I like to play soccer too :)

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