Quality carpet is the carpet that fully meets your needs and will make you happy while looking and using it. The factors that determine the quality of the carpet are hidden in technical details such as yarn type, weaving density, and pile height. But even the best quality carpet will wear out over time. If you want to revive the color of your carpet, which fades when aged, you can dye it.
Yes, carpets can be dyed. There are several methods to dye a carpet including spray dyeing, geometric dyeing, stencil dyeing, and so on.. A carpet can be restored to its old color by dyeing to some extent. However, if you are not familiar with the dyeing process, the best thing you should do is to get professional help from carpet dyeing companies.
In today’s carpet industry, carpets are dyed and manufactured by many methods. So, what should we be careful about when dyeing carpets? Paint is the coloring substance that human beings have discovered since its existence. When man discovered these items, they wrote on the walls and painted their lives. So what is this paint? How does it color? These dyes, which we call natural dyes, are some of the plants that nature offers us as dyestuffs.
We know how precious the saffron flower is and the color it gives is yellow. Since it is a natural dye, it does not impart its color to the water on the processed carpet. The materials used in making natural dyes today are as follows: saffron, indigo, chamomile, chestnut, poppy, root paint, sumac. These are just a few of those on the list. None of the natural dyes exactly color. In order to obtain different colors and shades, the amount of paint, its quality, and its auxiliary substance should be taken into consideration. The things to be considered in natural dyeing are as follows. The quality and quantity of the paint, the temperature of the water, and the residence time of the material to be dyed should be adjusted according to the properties of cotton, silk, and wool.
While painting carpets is actually a pleasant job, it means that you can reveal your hand skills. If you say I am a master in painting and have prepared the quality paint suitable for you as we mentioned above, there is no other reason to paint the carpet of your home. When going to the painting process, we will first need to apply the geometric carpet painting technique. First of all, lay the carpet on a flat surface and you should have tape on your hand. With this tape, we can start by giving your geometric shape – by pasting. The purpose of these tapes is to ensure that the paint is like a mold. If you do it without using tape, the end of the job will be frustrated. You can reach the result by sticking the tapes at the level you want, just as you want to shape.
How to Dye a Carpet
You have an old solid color carpet and you want to evaluate it in a different place. Or you want to transform the solid color carpet you are still using into a different color. Of course, you can easily do this by dyeing your plain color carpets in different colors and patterns. You can also save money by not buying a new carpet. Things needed for carpet dyeing are:
- 4-5 pieces of paint cover (available from DIY markets)
- Tape measure
- Shabby clothes
- Carpet residue
- Spray upholstery (Fabric) paint (for example, you can use green, orange and blue)
- 5-6 roll paint masking tape
We will not paint a small carpet. We will paint a large and plain carpet used in the hall. We will make cheap rugs or carpets for your large hall, using upholstery dye and a few rolls of paint tape and carpet remnants.
Carpet Dyeing Stages
- Preparation Stage
Place the remains of the carpet on the paint protection covers. Make sure its edges are even and angular.
- Measuring and Marking for Strips
Create your pattern by measuring the width of the lines you will create on the carpet with a tape measure and marking it with a pencil. Be sure to include it in your measurement as the paint masking tape will cover part of your carpet.
- Placing the Tapes
Press the masking tape firmly onto the carpet to prevent the upholstery or fabric spray paint from leaking underneath. Use two strips of tape for extra coverage. Then cover each side of the carpet very well with tape. You can use another paint cover and brown paper to make sure that the paint spray goes along the desired strip. Cover an area of at least 15 centimeters on either side of the tape.
- Painting the Carpet
Spray the spray straight and steady. Do not shake the paint on the strip. Spray paint spreads evenly. Do not move slowly will drip from the paint tape to the carpet. If it accumulates in the ribbon, use a cloth to carefully discard the excess. Let it dry. Some areas may require a second coat. Follow the instructions in the spray can. While drying the dyed part, move to the other side of the carpet and continue working.
- Remove the Tapes
Test if it dries after an hour, and then remove the tapes. Make sure the line is dry before you carry anything onto it.
- Continue Creating Patterns
Create colors and tape line sizes in random width. Continue moving from both sides until the carpet is complete.
Allow the carpet to dry for at least 8 hours before collecting it. Preferably dry overnight if possible.
Carpet Dyeing Methods
Easy Geometric Carpet Dyeing
Carpet dyeing is actually a very enjoyable job. Tired of the color of some of your carpets at home? Now you can easily paint carpets with simple techniques as a do-it-yourself work. In this technique, which is very easy, you can easily paint geometric carpet in any color you want. I will tell you the tricks of dyeing some old carpets. I would like to tell you immediately how you can dye a carpet with a few easy moves. First of all, there will be actions to be taken.
As the first thing, we determine the part of the carpet to be painted geometrically and immediately find a band and give the geometric shapes we want. The purpose of sticking the tapes will be to ensure that they do not overflow. The options on the internet can inspire you to what kind of shapes you can make. But you do not have to stick to them, you can dye your carpet as you wish. You can easily adjust the tape straight and then diagonally geometrically, so you can easily turn the rugs into different colors.
The moves are very simple and you can easily use the method of painting the old carpets in the house by applying the paintbrush to the banded parts you want to paint by choosing the part to be dyed. Above all, you will not have to throw old carpets at home anymore. By applying simple techniques, you can easily paint carpets in the color you want.
Carpet Dyeing With Spray Paint
Recently, carpet painting, renovation of old furniture, door painting, painting of kitchen-bathroom-balcony tiles are very trending. We are renewed by painting the items we are bored using templates. Now I will talk about how to make carpet painting at home. You can use the same technique in your tile painting. I also renewed it by painting a few items. I painted my vintage TV stand in white. When renewing old furniture, you can use stencils when painting areas such as carpet, kitchen, tiles. Various templates are sold in hobby markets. If you want to make stencil template models yourself, you can reach a detailed description of how to make the stencil template. Let’s paint our carpets we want to renew together.
You can have a brand new look by painting a carpet you are bored with. We will try to explain how to make carpet painting at home. You can buy the templates you will use from the hobby markets or you can do it yourself at home. You can start the renovation process by following the carpet painting videos and photos. We will talk about carpet color changing and painting processes with an easy method. If you have stained carpets, and if you do not remove them when you wash them, you can close the stains with this technique.
- Spray paint
If we want to apply a template to any part of the carpet, we stick the template to that part with tapes. To avoid slipping when painting. Then we cover it with a newspaper so that there is no paint around. And we start to spray paint on the stencil. We apply this process to all the areas we want to paint. And that is all. Your new carpet is ready.
Carpet Dyeing During Production
Weaving is started by washing the wool, which is sheared from sheep, first. Here, the wool is removed from the dirt with the help of a punch. Washed wool is hung on the wires to dry. Thus, the first stage is completed. Washed and dried wool is first whipped with a stick. After whipping, the wool in the house is combed with the help of combs.
Ropes made of spun wool are now put into the boilers for dyeing. The painting process, which used to be made using root paint, has now been replaced by chemical paints. The preparation of the paint is also a very careful task. The threads to be painted are first left in the boiling water in the boiler. It is kept in water until the rope is infused with paint. When the boiler cools down, the dyed threads are removed from the boiler and hung to dry. After the ropes are ready, the wire is wrapped first by loom. After the loom is prepared, the weaving process is started.
History of Carpet Dyeing
People who used to dye carpets skillfully used dye plants to obtain dyestuffs themselves and dyed fiber, yarn, and fabrics. Among the carpets and rugs with a history of at least a few centuries, which are exhibited in museums all over the world, there are original and valuable works of importance for dyeing. The most important remnants that prove to us that vegetable dyeing was used in ancient times are woven pieces dyed with these dyes. The oldest information about the use of colored yarns has been unearthed as a result of excavations by archaeologists. Among the woven pieces unearthed were items such as red embroidered packs, which are thought to have been dyed, especially with root paint (Rubia tinctorium). In addition, the presence of these weavings proved the existence of dyeing workshops that contain all the tools and materials dyed. It can also be seen in the weaving pieces belonging to the 12th century BC found in excavations in various parts of the world where the paint is obtained from plants in highly professional environments.
In addition, in a Chinese source dating back to 3000 BC, it is stated that vegetable dyes are mentioned, not only the obtaining of dyes in the Middle Kingdom period but even mordant substances. According to Herodotus, the ancient Greeks knew and practiced painting. Alcanna Tinctoria, oak (Quercus), and walnut (Juglans regia) were vegetable dyes known to the ancient Greeks. It is known that the bandages (Carthamus tinctorius) in the ancient Egyptian mummies were painted with safflower flowers. In this regard, the art of herbal dyeing started with the art of weaving and developed in parallel with it. One of the important plants in the history of dyeing is known that alizarin dye, which was very valid in the past, was obtained from the roots of some plants for the first time in the Middle East. Saffron, another dye plant, has been cultivated for 3500 years.
The Importance of Natural Carpet Dyes
Natural dye plants are non-toxic and non-carcinogenic, especially annual or biennial plants that do not create environmental pollution. In fact, although some properties of animal dyes are superior to vegetable dyes, it has not been preferred in recent years. The reason for this comes from clean technology and the importance attached to the environment. Many of the dye plants used are used in different fields such as coloring of medicines, cosmetics, and foods, as well as textile dyeing today. Many of the herbs used in this context have the same or separate active ingredients as herbal teas. These plants used in dyeing contain antioxidant, antibacterial, and antimicrobial substances. These dye plants are usually one-year or two-year plants and when they are not collected within a year, they dry up and return to the soil.
Plants used in the natural painting are plants that grow naturally in that region. These are used for painting after being collected. Plant residues are mixed back into the soil as a natural fertilizer in less than a year. In short, these plants grow spontaneously again after a year, whether they are used or not. Therefore, not using these plants means wasting and going. Although many metal salts are used in natural dyeing, only aluminum, and iron screeds are used in metal salts that do not cause toxic, carcinogenic, and environmental pollution in recent years. Besides the other metal salts being more color options, they prevent their use because they cause toxic, carcinogenic, and environmental pollution. The methods used in the dyeings within the scope of natural dyeing are the standardization and re-updating of the methods used traditionally from past to present.
Methods Used in Natural Carpet Dyeing
Mordant dyeing method is used in the vast majority of natural dyes. In such dyeings, the dyestuff does not directly dye the fiber or the dye permanence is poor on the fiber. The mordant method is performed according to the dye plant to be used. Pretreatment is required to dye textile fiber with natural dyes. The process of binding metal or metals or materials to textile fibers is called mordant, and the materials used for this purpose are called mordant substances. Water-soluble metal salts are used as mordant, as well as substances with weak acid or base properties can be used. The most important mordant substances are alum [KAl (SO4) 3 .12H2 O], iron alum (FeSO4 .7H2 O), copper alum (CuSO4 .5H2 O), SnCl2 .2H2 O and wine stone. The vast majority of natural dyes fall into the mordant dyeing class.
1) The amount of carpet fiber to be dyed is determined.
2) A sufficient amount of water (which will cover the fiber) is put into the Mordant bath.
3) The amount of mordant is weighed and mixed by adding into the mordant bath.
4) The warming bath starts to be heated. Meanwhile, the textile fiber to be dyed is added to the mordant bath.
5) The mordant process takes place within 1 hour at a temperature of 80 ° C – 100 ° C.
6) After the fiber is taken from the mordant bath, it is squeezed and left to dry in the open air and the mordant process is completed.
Natural dyeing is done by mordant dyeing, cube dyeing, and direct dyeing methods. Dyeing process:
1) The amount of textile fiber to be dyed (with or without mordant) is determined.
2) A sufficient amount of water (which will cover the fiber) is placed in the dyeing bath.
3) The amount of dyestuff is weighed and added into the dyeing bath.
4) The dyeing bath is started to be heated and the textile fiber to be dyed is added to the dyeing bath.
5) Painting takes place at a temperature of 80 ° C to 100 ° C for 10 to 60 minutes.
6) It is taken from the fiber dyeing bath, rinsed, washed and left to dry in the shade by squeezing. The dyeing process is completed.
TLC (thin layer chromatography), which is one of the chromatographic analysis methods, is extremely simple, inexpensive and has a short analysis time. It consists of the mechanisms that can be made in the kitchen of a house. HPLC (high-pressure liquid chromatography) and HPLC-MS (mass spectroscopy due to high-pressure liquid chromatography). These are advanced technological devices. In the analysis made with these devices, more accurate results are obtained with smaller amounts of sample. But the analysis phase is long and extremely complex. Evaluation of the analyzes requires expertise.
Spectroscopy is also high-tech devices. The correct result is reached in a short time, especially if the sample analyzed has a single dye. Although it is an advantage to work with small amounts of samples in the analysis, it can cause errors if a sample contains more than one dyestuff and the analysis is not well interpreted. Special methods, on the other hand, are very simple procedures and can be pre-evaluated by using some chemicals in the identification of dyes used, by looking at the color change and their behavior in different solvents. For example, to understand whether the blue color of a carpet is dyed with indigo dyestuff, a blue sample is added into a glass container into acetic acid or vinegar. If the blue color in the sample started to be heated dissolved in vinegar, this indicates that it was painted with indigo, otherwise, it was not painted with indigo.
It is important to use vegetable dyes for dyeing yarns in the carpet. Even if the technique, raw material, and pattern used in weaving are traditional, the dye used in coloring is a factor that reduces the value of the traditional carpet. Therefore, it is very important to develop and spread vegetable dyeing. The United States has an important flora in terms of dye plants’ potential. The use of these dye plants in local and scientific methods in dyeing and determining the colors obtained will be possible by keeping the tradition of vegetative dyeing alive. The fact that carpets and rugs woven with vegetable-dyed yarns are important in terms of tourism and gained appreciation in the domestic and foreign markets have positively affected the works of developing this art. These colors obtained as a result of natural dyeing; It is reflected in carpets and rugs with its eye-pleasing, pastel, and close-to-nature tones, and has become a relaxing element that human beings want to see in daily life.
Dyeing and Color Correction Processes in Hand-Woven and Wool Carpets
As a result of washing hand-woven and wool carpets with wrong methods and techniques, the colors of the carpets blend together, and dark colors create off tones on light colors. This situation is called “paint out” among the public. As a result of a lack of experience and inappropriate product use, this problem is frequently encountered. In this type of faulty carpet washing, it can be difficult to compensate. It is necessary to be very careful and to follow the processes written here. As with many applications in carpet washing, it is possible that this type of faulty washing or carpets that have been made by others by faulty washing is largely restored and corrected. For this process, the right carpet shampoo and the correct chemical should be used in the right proportion with the right application.
Dyeing and color correction process steps in carpet washing:
- First of all, the carpet is washed and rinsed in accordance with the hand-woven wool carpet washing technique.
- The technique described above is a normal process, in the color correction process, the water is re-applied without passing through the spinning process and the surface is kept watery by gently scraping the water.
- It is applied to the carpet in the correct scale suitable for m2 of the carpet (according to the dyeing condition, 1 cup of chemical for 1 square meter of carpet and 15 lt of water), and the color regulated chemical is spread all over the carpet.
- Here, within a few minutes, the color begins to be seen with the eye recovered. This timing may vary depending on the dye delivery percentage and the air temperature.
- Since time management is very important in this process, the mangling process is started by rinsing again in a few minutes.
- After this process, it is possible to restore the carpet with rates of up to 95%.
- Since optimization of the amount of chemical applied here according to carpet type and time management during application requires skill, there may be errors resulting from incorrect dosage and workmanship.
- It should not be forgotten in the color correction process that this is a bleach-based application. In this application for color pickup, color losses of up to 5% to 15% can be evaluated as side effects and application errors.
How to Restore the Old Color of Faded Carpets?
Stains on the carpet, discoloration are important problems in the home. Various solutions have been offered to these issues, which are especially troubles for women, but there is no need for much effort for carpets that are very old and lose their color. Expecting hope for any method will not be useful in such situations. However, a few solution suggestions can be tried for carpets that are colored during washing. Color problems can be encountered in hand-woven carpets and woolen carpets due to wrong methods applied during washing. The out coloring of the carpet can be defined as the discoloring of the dark colors.
Even if the color does not come out completely, the carpet looks faded and the liveliness of the light color is lost. This situation can also be called dyeing-out. These problems can be encountered both in your own washing methods and in carpet washing companies with inexperienced and uninformed personnel. If the right methods are applied; you have the chance to solve the problem of discoloration. However, you should be careful about using the right carpet shampoo and various chemicals, or you can leave the job directly to the professionals. Because the possibility of finding the chemicals used in the application is very difficult. The steps to correct fading colors are:
The rugs are first washed and rinsed with the right techniques and products. The most accurate technique that can be applied involves washing it quickly in one go, tightening it immediately, and hanging it up immediately. This technique is a normal washing process and no color fading problem occurs again when using suitable products. Pay attention to the tightening step, which you should do to get rid of the problem of discoloration. In the same way, washing and rinsing are done, but by squeezing the spinning process, water is given again and some of the water is wiped. In other words, the surface is kept hydrated. The prepared water-based chemical solution is spread to every part of the carpet.
When you look after the application, you can see that the colors recover in a few minutes. The time it takes for the colors to recover may differ depending on several factors. At this stage, time is seriously important. Rinse should be started within a few minutes after the application and spin must be done. With this application, color fading processes can be corrected. Your carpet will most likely be restored. However, it is very important that the chemicals used are correct and the amount is adjusted properly.
You may not trust the carpet washing companies that cause your carpet to fade, but the method applied to bring the fading carpet to life requires intense chemicals, attention, and serious installation. It is very difficult and risky to apply at home. For this reason, you should try your luck by calling another carpet washing company. If you tell the experts about the situation, they will definitely help you. Techniques that improve dyeing are not applied to every carpet washing company. For this reason, you should consult on the phone first and then reach an agreement.
Serious chemicals are used to return the color of the carpet. After application, the carpet is rinsed and dry, but chemical residues may still be on the carpet. It may be helpful to prevent both yourself and children from coming in direct contact with the carpet until the next wash. You should also take care that the carpet washing company you prefer for the next wash will be more experienced and careful so that you will not experience any color fading again when you restore it.